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Benicar (Olmesartan)
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Benicar

Benicar is used for treating high blood pressure, alone or with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Lasix, Norvasc, Toprol, Hyzaar, Teveten, Edarbi, Cozaar, Atacand, Micardis

 

Also known as:  Olmesartan.

Description

Benicar is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It works by inhibiting the action of a chemical transmitter (angiotensin II) and allowing the blood vessels to dilate (widen) and the kidneys to eliminate extra sodium and fluids. These actions combine to help lower blood pressure.

Generic name of Benicar is Olmesartan.

Benicar is also known as Olmesartan, Olmetec, Olmezest, Olmecip.

Brand name of Benicar is Benicar.

Dosage

Take Benicar orally with or without food.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Benicar suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Benicar and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store your medicine at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children and in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Benicar are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Benicar if you are allergic to Benicar components.

Do not take Benicar if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment.

Be careful if you use salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.

Do not stop taking Benicar suddenly.

benicar drug class

Prevention or retardation of diabetic nephropathy (DN) includes anti-hypertensive treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) on the premises that these drugs have an added protective effect beyond their influence on BP. The present study used a strain of spontaneously hypertensive/NIH-corpulent rats [SHR/NDmc-cp (fat/fat)] as a model of type II DN to unravel the renoprotective effects of anti-hypertensive drugs. Olmesartan (1 or 5 mg/kg per d), an ARB, and hydralazine (5mg/kg per d), an anti-hypertensive drug without effect on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), were given for 20 wk. BP, renal function, glucose and insulin levels, and proteinuria were monitored. Glomerular lesions and kidney pentosidine content were assessed at the end of the study. Olmesartan (1 and 5 mg) significantly reduced BP and kidney pentosidine content and improved histologic renal damage and proteinuria. The changes were dose-dependent. The effect of hydralazine (5 mg) was similar to that of olmesartan (1 mg) but reached statistical significance only for kidney pentosidine content. The similarity of both drugs' effects on kidney damage and proteinuria suggest that renoprotection does not hinge on manipulation of RAS in these rats. By contrast, the inhibition of renal pentosidine formation assessed both by immunohistochemistry and HPLC suggests a critical role of advanced glycation end product (AGE) formation together with hypertension in the genesis of diabetic nephropathy. This view is supported by the correlation found between renal pentosidine content and proteinuria. The unsuspected AGE-lowering effect of hydralazine was further confirmed in vitro and elucidated; it is due to both reactive carbonyl compounds trapping and modifications of the oxidative metabolism. It is concluded that AGE inhibition should be included in the therapeutic strategy of DN.

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Plasma renin activity (PRA), measured under controlled conditions, is a marker of the degree and persistence of renin-angiotensin system blockade.

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This study in patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension assessed the efficacy and safety of adding hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg and 25 mg to a range of olmesartan medoxomil (OLM)/amlodipine (AML) doses.

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NCT00441350 (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier)].

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After 8 weeks of olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg, mean reduction from baseline in sDBP was 11.8 mmHg and in sSBP was 17.1 mmHg. In controlled patients continuing open-label olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg, mean reduction from baseline at 12 weeks in sDBP was 14.9 mmHg and in sSBP was 20.1 mmHg. At Week 8, the response rate was 76% and the control rate was 70%. Olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg/day was well tolerated; 30.9% of patients experienced an adverse event, and the majority of these events were judged by the investigators to be mild.

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The study describes the development and validation of a new microwell-based spectrophotometric assay for determination of olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) in tablets. The formation of a colored charge-transfer (CT) complex between OLM as an n-electron donor and 2,3-dichloro- -5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ) as a p-electron acceptor was investigated, and employed as the basis for the development of the new assay. The proposed assay was conducted in 96-microwell plates. The absorbance of the colored-CT complex was measured at 460 nm with a microplate reader. Optimum conditions of the reaction and the analytical procedures of the assay were established. Under the optimum conditions, a linear relationship with a good correlation coefficient was found between the absorbance and the concentration of OLM in the range of 2-200 μg per well. The limits of detection and quantitation were 0.53 and 1.61 μg per well, respectively. No interference was observed from the excipients present in OLM tablets or from hydrochlorothiazide and amlodipine besylate that were co-formulated with OLM in some of its formulations. The assay was successfully applied to the analysis of OLM in tablets with good accuracy and precision. The assay described herein has a great practical value in the routine analysis of OLM in quality control laboratories, since it has a high throughput property and consumes low volumes of organic solvent. It thus offers a reduction in the exposure of analysts to the toxic effects of organic solvents, as well as a reduction in the cost of analysis.

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Temocapril significantly prevented aortic dissection (P <.05), CMD (P <.01), and VSMC apoptosis (P <.01) compared with vehicle control in BAPN-fed rats. However, CS-866 did not show any preventive effect. Reversed transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that expression of both AT1R and AT2R was detected in control rat aortas, and that AT2R expression was significantly upregulated in the aortas of BAPN-fed rats (P <.01). Blood pressure was significantly and equally lowered in both temocapril and CS-866 groups compared with control.

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Olmesartan-associated enteropathy shares many features with coeliac disease, including symptoms and immunopathogenic pathways, such as increased numbers of CD8+ cells and corresponding overexpression of IL15 by epithelial cells. Taken together, the treatment of epithelial cells with olmesartan medoxomil induces a response by intestinal epithelial cells that is similar to the innate effects of gluten upon the epithelium of coeliac patients.

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Based on comparative antihypertensive efficacy data, treatment of hypertensive patients with olmesartan medoxomil instead of the other leading ARBs has the potential to reduce overall cost of medical care in a US managed care setting.

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After switching the patients to olmesartan, their plasma level of Ang-(1-7) as a vasoprotective indicator and adiponectin regulating metabolic syndrome was increased, and peroxiredoxin and the oxLDL/β2GPI complex indicating its antioxidative stress and its proatherogenicity were lower than their baseline. This suggests that olmesartan may be more effective than other ARBs to improve these conditions. Neither HMGB1 nor TNFα reflecting an inflammatory response was affected, suggesting that the anti-inflammatory effects of olmesartan are similar to those of other ARBs. The recommended BP (<140/90) was obtained in 10 of the 25 patients after switching to olmesartan. No adverse events occurred.

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After placebo run-in, 192 patients received OM 20 mg/day for 3 weeks. If blood pressure (BP) remained ≥120/70 mmHg, patients were uptitrated every 3 weeks to OM 40 mg/day, OM/HCTZ 40/12.5 mg/day, and OM/HCTZ 40/25 mg/day. Efficacy was evaluated by 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. Secondary endpoints included changes in ambulatory systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) during daytime (08:00 to 16:00) and nighttime (22:00 to 06:00), as well as achievement of prespecified ambulatory BP targets in the total cohort and subgroups based on gender, race, hypertension severity, and age (≥65 or <65 years). Dipper status (nocturnal decrease in BP ≥10% of mean daytime BP) was assessed.

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The efficacy of olmesartan on fibrinolytic capacity has not been studied yet. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of olmesartan on hemostatic/fibrinolytic status by measuring plasma level of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and soluble thrombomodulin levels in patients with hypertension. Forty-two consecutive, newly diagnosed (25 women and 17 men with a mean age of 48 ± 8 years) patients with untreated essential hypertension were included in the study. Olmesartan medoxomil (20 mg/day) was started and the patients were followed up for 6 months. Baseline biochemical variables, thrombomodulin, and PAI-1 levels were compared with the levels of these variables measured at the end of the 6-month follow-up period. After 6 months of treatment with olmesartan medoxomil, there was a significant reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (from 159.5 ± 10.9 to 134.6 ± 12.7 mmHg and from 98.0 ± 6.3 to 83.9 ± 7.0 mmHg, respectively). Mean plasma PAI-1 and thrombomodulin levels were also significantly decreased (59.73 ± 41.91 vs. 48.60 ± 33.65 ng/ml, P = 0.001 and 8.09 ± 2.29 vs. 6.92 ± 1.42 μg/l, P < 0.001, respectively). Olmesartan medoxomil decreased plasma PAI-1 and thrombomodulin levels after 6 months of therapy, indicating a favorable effect on fibrinolytic capacity in patients with essential hypertension.

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Olmesartan provides better antihypertensive efficacy than losartan and valsartan and has no association with an increased risk of adverse events in comparison with losartan, valsartan, candesartan, and irbesartan.

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Following a 4-week placebo run-in, 440 study participants aged >or=18 years were randomized to olmesartan medoxomil (20 mg/day), amlodipine besylate (5 mg/day), or placebo for 8 weeks. The proportion of participants achieving specific systolic and diastolic ambulatory blood pressure goal levels was calculated by dividing the number of participants who had achieved a particular blood pressure goal by the total number of patients in the intent-to-treat population.

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Differential expression of angiotensin II receptors and AT2R signaling are involved in the pathogenesis of CMD and aortic dissection in BAPN-fed rats. ACEIs might be of clinical value for the prevention and treatment of aortic diseases related to CMD.

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The study revealed that long-term AT-1 blockade corrects proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, and nephropathy in this model of spontaneous glomerulosclerosis.

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Urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio significantly decreased by about 40% at 16 weeks from baseline (P = 0.0002), although estimated glomerular filtration rate and blood pressure did not change throughout the study period. Plasma renin activity also decreased significantly from baseline (P = 0.019), although plasma aldosterone concentration did not change.

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In a subgroup analysis based upon age, sex and race in patients aged ≥65 years with hypertension, an OM/HCTZ-based algorithm was efficacious and well tolerated. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00412932.

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In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study, Korean patients aged 20 to 75 years with stage 2 hypertension who had a mean seated diastolic blood pressure (msDBP) ≥100 mmHg were enrolled when their BP was uncontrolled [mean seated systolic BP (msSBP)/msDBP >140/90 mmHg or msSBP/msDBP >130/80 mmHg with diabetes or chronic kidney disease] with 4-week dual FDC therapy (OM/HCTZ 20/12.5). The patients were randomized to receive either OM/AML/HCTZ 20/5/12.5 or OM/HCTZ 20/12.5 once daily for 8 weeks. At the end of 8 weeks, patients with uncontrolled BP were assigned to receive either OM/AML/HCTZ 40/5/12.5 or OM/AML/HCTZ 20/5/12.5 in an additional 8-week open-label extension period.

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Adding hydrochlorothiazide to olmesartan provides more effective 24-hour blood pressure control versus olmesartan monotherapy in patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension.

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benicar 75 mg 2016-05-01

Although awareness of hypertension buy benicar in Black patients has increased, blood pressure (BP) is frequently inadequately controlled.

benicar generic release 2017-07-20

In participants with hypertension and diabetes, triple-combination treatment led buy benicar to greater BP reductions and enabled greater proportions of participants to reach BP goal versus the dual-combination treatments. Triple-combination treatment was well tolerated in both diabetes and non-diabetes subgroups.

benicar maximum dose 2016-05-07

Treatment with the combination of olmesartan medoxomil and amlodipine besylate led to a significant reduction in atherosclerotic lesion size in ApoE(-/-) mice (olmesartan medoxomil/amlodipine besylate: 122,277±6,795 μm(2), number [n]=14; versus control: 177,502±10,814 μm(2), n=9; P<0.001). Treatment with amlodipine besylate (n=5) alone did not reach significance. However, a trend toward a decrease in lesion size in the amlodipine besylate buy benicar -treated animals could be observed. In the histological analysis of atherosclerotic lesion composition, significantly thicker fibrous caps were found in treatment with amlodipine besylate (amlodipine: 5.12±0.26 μm, n=6; versus control: 3.98±0.18 μm, n=10; P<0.01). Furthermore, all sections revealed morphological signs of calcification, but no difference could be detected. Treatment with the combination of olmesartan medoxomil and amlodipine besylate showed no effect on lesion composition. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays of nuclear extracts demonstrated reduced activity of the transcription factor NF-κB when treated with olmesartan medoxomil, amlodipine besylate, or their combination, as compared to controls.

combination drug benicar 2017-02-06

We observed neointima formation 14 days after cuff placement as well as VSMCs proliferation in the media and neointima. Cuff placement also induced MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression in the media and neointima that the VSMCs specifically existed. Treatment of mice with olmesartan at buy benicar a dose of 3 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), which did not influence systolic blood pressure, significantly decreased neointima formation and the proliferation of VSMCs. Olmesartan also inhibited MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression in the injured arteries.

benicar maximum dosage 2017-11-29

Evaluate efficacy/safety of olmesartan medoxomil (OM)/amlodipine (AML)/ hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in Hispanic/Latino adults with buy benicar hypertension.

buy benicar 2015-06-20

To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and clinical buy benicar utility of the combination product azilsartan medoxomil/chlorthalidone for the treatment of hypertension.

benicar cost 2015-10-08

Patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension who were inadequately controlled with amlodipine 5 mg/day monotherapy and who subsequently completed 16 weeks of double-blind combination treatment with olmesartan and amlodipine entered a 28-week open-label phase in which all patients initially received olmesartan/amlodipine 40/5 mg/day. After 4, 10 and 19 weeks, patients with inadequately controlled hypertension (seated trough diastolic [DBP] and systolic [SBP] BP >/=90 mmHg and >/=140 mmHg, respectively) had their doses increased buy benicar in a step-wise manner to: (i) olmesartan/amlodipine 40/10 mg; (ii) olmesartan/amlodipine/HCTZ 40/10/12.5 mg; and (iii) olmesartan/amlodipine/HCTZ 40/10/25 mg.

benicar 20 mg 2016-03-27

Angiotensin II is a potent vasoconstrictor and may also contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis. In atheromatous lesions located in human coronary and carotid arteries, angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II levels are significantly increased. Angiotensin II is known to have proinflammatory actions in vascular tissues, inducing inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress. In particular, angiotensin II activates the potent cytoplasmic transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB, which regulates leukocyte adhesion molecules, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, and interleukin (IL)-6, and contributes to the recruitment of circulating mononuclear leukocytes to the arterial intima. Olmesartan medoxomil has one of the highest degrees of antihypertensive efficacy among the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists. In the EUTOPIA (EUropean Trial on Olmesartan and Pravastatin in Inflammation buy benicar and Atherosclerosis) trial, olmesartan medoxomil significantly reduced serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, high-sensitivity TNFalpha, IL-6, and MCP-1, all of which are involved in promoting atherosclerosis. In a monkey atherosclerotic model, a 3-D intravascular ultrasound analysis of aortas showed that serum levels of MCP-1 and the degree of intimal hyperplasia were significantly lower after treatment with olmesartan medoxomil than before treatment. In VIOS (Vascular Improvement with Olmesartan Medoxomil Study), treatment with olmesartan medoxomil for 1 year, significantly reduced the wall-to-lumen ratio in arteries, whereas atenolol did not. Thus, olmesartan medoxomil, which rapidly reduces inflammatory markers, may have a beneficial antiatherosclerotic effect.

benicar medicine 2015-11-01

Olmesartan medoxamil (OLM, an angiotensin II receptor blocker) and amlodipine besylate (AML, a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker), are co-formulated in a single-dose combination for the treatment of hypertensive patients whose blood pressure is not buy benicar adequately controlled on either component monotherapy. In this work, four multivariate and two univariate calibration methods were applied for simultaneous spectrofluorimetric determination of OLM and AML in their combined pharmaceutical tablets in all ratios approved by FDA. The four multivariate methods are partial least squares (PLS), genetic algorithm PLS (GA-PLS), principal component ANN (PC-ANN) and GA-ANN. The two proposed univariate calibration methods are, direct spectrofluorimetric method for OLM and isoabsorpitive method for determination of total concentration of OLM and AML and hence AML by subtraction. The results showed the superiority of multivariate calibration methods over univariate ones for the analysis of the binary mixture. The optimum assay conditions were established and the proposed multivariate calibration methods were successfully applied for the assay of the two drugs in validation set and combined pharmaceutical tablets with excellent recoveries. No interference was observed from common pharmaceutical additives. The results were favorably compared with those obtained by a reference spectrophotometric method.

benicar missed dose 2016-01-31

The continued poor rates of blood pressure (BP) control to the recommended target BP of <140/90 mm Hg in patients with hypertension indicate a persistent need for improved antihypertensive therapy. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) constitute the buy benicar newest approved class of antihypertensive agents. As with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, ARBs block the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, but do so through a more specific mechanism. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, but angiotensin II may be produced by several alternate pathways. Angiotensin II receptor blockers, by contrast, inhibit the binding of angiotensin II to the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor, independent of the pathway of angiotensin II production. Comparative safety and efficacy trials indicate that ARBs are similar to other antihypertensive drugs in terms of BP-lowering effectiveness and have superior tolerability. Olmesartan medoxomil is the newest and one of the most effective of the ARBs. In controlled trials, it has been shown to provide 24-h BP control with antihypertensive efficacy at least as good as that of the calcium channel blockers amlodipine besylate and felodipine and the beta-blocker atenolol. In a comparative study, olmesartan medoxomil demonstrated significantly greater reductions in diastolic BP than did three other leading ARBs-losartan potassium, irbesartan, and valsartan. With the convenience of placebo-like tolerability and once-daily dosing, combined with excellent antihypertensive efficacy, olmesartan medoxomil may be a useful addition to our management of hypertension.

benicar mg 2016-12-24

Aliskiren combined with olmesartan reduces proteinuria in CKD buy benicar patients.

benicar online 2016-04-27

Individuals ≥ 18 years of age with mean seated blood pressure buy benicar (SeBP) ≥ 140/100 or ≥ 160/90 mmHg off antihypertensive medication on 2 consecutive clinic visits with no recent history of significant cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV), severe renal insufficiency, or uncontrolled diabetes (HbA1c >9 %).

benicar brand name 2016-06-26

Olmesartan medoxomil produced statistically significant reductions from baseline in buy benicar both systolic and diastolic office BP and BPSM values. In contrast to office BP, telemonitoring of BPSM allowed the early identification of responders (e.g., after 2-3 weeks' treatment). Blood pressure reduction with olmesartan medoxomil was greater for office BP than for BPSM values. Normalization of BP was achieved in 64.2% of the patients using office BP measurement compared with 36.4% using BPSM. Blood pressure self-measurement showed no significant difference between morning and evening BP measurements or between the morning : evening BP ratio at baseline and after nine weeks of olmesartan medoxomil treatment. Compliance and tolerability were good or very good in most patients.

benicar pill 2016-12-11

Systolic blood pressure (SBP) strongly predicts buy benicar cardiovascular risk and is an important factor to evaluate in studies of antihypertensive treatments. A recent randomized controlled study has shown that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]) olmesartan medoxomil (hereafter olmesartan) combined with the calcium channel antagonist (calcium channel blocker) amlodipine can control SBP in a majority of patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension. The aim of this report is to present results from a post hoc analysis of this study to further evaluate the effects of this combination on SBP.

benicar dosage information 2017-11-01

The role of angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2) in pulmonary Zovirax Oral Reviews fibrosis is unknown. To evaluate the influence of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) and AT2 antagonists in a mouse model of bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

benicar dosing 2017-12-10

Most patients with hypertension and diabetes require two or more antihypertensive agents to achieve the recommended blood pressure (BP) goal of <130/80 mm Hg. This prespecified subgroup analysis from the TRIple Therapy with Olmesartan Medoxomil, Amlodipine, and Hydrochlorothiazide in HyperteNsIve PatienTs StudY assessed the efficacy and safety of triple-combination treatment (olmesartan medoxomil 40/amlodipine besylate 10/hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg) versus the component dual Lexapro Highest Dosage -combination treatments according to diabetes status (diabetes; non-diabetes).

benicar 30 mg 2017-03-14

The efficacy/safety of olmesartan (OM) 40 mg, amlodipine besylate (AML) 10 mg, and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg versus the component dual-combinations (OM 40/AML 10 mg, OM 40/HCTZ 25 mg, and AML 10/HCTZ 25 mg) was evaluated in participants with diabetes, CKD, or chronic CVD in the Triple Therapy with Olmesartan Medoxomil, Amlodipine, and Hydrochlorothiazide in Hypertensive Patients Study (TRINITY). The primary efficacy end point was least squares (LS) mean reduction from baseline in seated diastolic BP (SeDBP) at week 12. Secondary end points included LS mean reduction in SeSBP and proportion of participants achieving BP goal (<130/80 mm Hg) at week Paxil Max Dose 12 (double-blind randomized period), and LS mean reduction in SeBP and BP goal achievement at week 52/early termination (open-label period).

benicar bad drug 2015-07-11

Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Effective control of elevated blood pressure (BP) has been shown to reduce this risk. Early studies of risk reduction assumed that the mechanism by which BP was lowered had little impact on the benefit obtained. Recent evidence, however, suggests that agents that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system may be particularly beneficial. The results of the Imodium Kids Dosage recent Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) trial suggest that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have a greater impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than would be anticipated from their antihypertensive effects alone. Angiotensin receptor blockers, the other major class of antihypertensive drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system, have not been widely tested in outcomes trials, but early results suggest that they are beneficial for controlling target organ damage that is related to hypertension. Furthermore, unlike ACE inhibitors, these agents have a side-effect profile that is similar to that of placebo. Based on their efficacy in controlling hypertension and their wider health benefits, together with minimal side effects, angiotensin II (A II) receptor blockers should be considered as first-line agents for the treatment of hypertension, particularly in patients with other cardiovascular risk factors. Preliminary evidence suggests that olmesartan, an A II receptor blocker currently being evaluated for approval for clinical use, may provide antihypertensive efficacy that is superior to other members of the class.

benicar max dose 2016-05-19

The objective of the present study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of lifetime antihypertensive therapy with angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) monotherapy, calcium channel blocker (CCB) monotherapy, or ARB plus CCB (ARB+CCB) combination therapy in Japan. Based on the results Requip Drug Classification of large-scale clinical trials and epidemiological data, we constructed a Markov model for patients with essential hypertension. Our Markov model comprised coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and progression of diabetic nephropathy submodels. Based on this model, analysis of the prognosis of each patient was repeatedly conducted by Monte Carlo simulation. The three treatment strategies were compared in hypothetical 55-year-old patients with systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 160 mmHg in the absence and presence of comorbid diabetes. Olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg/d was the ARB and azelnidipine 16 mg/d the CCB in our model. On-treatment SBP was assumed to be 125, 140, and 140 mmHg in the ARB+CCB, ARB alone, and CCB alone groups, respectively. Costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were discounted by 3%/year. The ARB+CCB group was the most cost-effective both in male and female patients with or without diabetes. In conclusion, ARB plus CCB combination therapy may be a more cost-effective lifetime antihypertensive strategy than monotherapy with either agent alone.

benicar hct dosage 2015-07-23

Triple-combination treatment with OM 40/AML 10/HCTZ 25 mg was well tolerated and more effective in lowering BP than Periactin Overdose Symptoms the component dual-combination treatments in elderly and non-elderly subgroups.

benicar vs generic 2017-06-30

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a leading cause of endstage renal disease (ESRD) in Japan and Hong Kong. Asian patients are known to be more predisposed to DN and ESRD than Caucasians. Strict blood glucose and blood pressure control are key factors in prevention and treatment of DN. In the last decade, inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system has been confirmed to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular complications in Caucasian patients with diabetes. Although the RENAAL study has demonstrated the beneficial effects of inhibition of the RAA system on prevention of ESRD and death in type 2 diabetic patients with overt proteinuria, only 17% of patients in this multicenter study were of Asian ethnicity. Given the predilection of Asian diabetic patients for renal complications and the rising burden of ESRD, there is a need to confirm these findings in a homogenous group of Asian patients. The ORIENT (Omesartan Reducing Incidence of Endstage Renal Disease in Diabetic Nephropathy Trial) is a randomized, double-blind Naprosyn User Reviews , placebo-controlled study in Japan and Hong Kong to evaluate the renal protective benefits of olmesartan medoxomil in type 2 diabetic patients with overt proteinuria (urinary albumin to creatinine ratio > or =300 mg/g creatinine) and renal insufficiency (serum creatinine: 1.0-2.5 mg/dl). The study has a targeted enrollment of 400 Japanese and Hong Kong Chinese patients. The primary outcome is the composite endpoint of time to the first occurrence of doubling of serum creatinine, ESRD (serum creatinine more than 5.0 mg/dl, the need for chronic dialysis, or renal transplantation) or death. The average follow-up period is 4 years and the study ends in 2009.

benicar tab 5mg 2016-03-17

In this study, OM/ Tricor Cholesterol Medicine AML/HCTZ was an effective treatment option in Hispanic/ Latino patients with hypertension.

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In the first study, olmesartan 10 mg/d was compared with losartan 50 mg/d in 316 patients with mild to moderate hypertension (mean baseline diastolic blood pressure [DBP], 95-114 mm Hg). Dosage was doubled at week 4 and hydrochlorothiazide was added at week 12 if blood pressure response was inadequate. Olmesartan was significantly more effective than losartan with respect to the reduction in blood pressure at weeks 2, 4, and 12, and to the responder rate at weeks 2 and 4 (with the starting dose of the respective drug). In a second study, olmesartan 20 mg/d was shown to be significantly more effective than losartan 50 mg/d, valsartan 80 mg/d, and irbesartan 150 mg/d in 588 patients with mild to moderate hypertension (mean sitting baseline DBP, 100-115 mm Hg) (P < or = 0.05). At week 2, the reduction in blood pressure observed with olmesartan was significantly greater than that of the comparator treatments (P < or = 0.05). The superiority of olmesartan was maintained at week 8. The third study involved 643 evaluable patients with moderate to severe hypertension (mean DBP, 100-120 mm Hg; mean systolic blood pressure, >150 mm Hg). Olmesartan 20 mg/d was more effective than candesartan 8 mg/d in lowering 24-hour blood pressure at week 8 (P < or = 0.05). Most of this treatment effect was evident after only 1 or 2 weeks, with greater reductions in blood pressure compared with candesartan.

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To investigate the pharmacokinetic interactions, safety, and tolerability of the combination of olmesartan medoxomil with glibenclamide.

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The study included a 3-4-week placebo run-in and an 8-week active treatment period: OM (weeks 1-4, OM 20 mg; weeks 5-8, OM 40 mg); placebo + OM (weeks 1-2, placebo; weeks 3-4, OM 20 mg; weeks 5-8, OM 40 mg); and LOS (weeks 1-4, LOS 50 mg; weeks 5-8, LOS 100 mg). Analyses focused on comparison of OM and placebo + OM combined versus LOS. Efficacy endpoints were mean change from baseline in seated cuff diastolic blood pressure (SeDBP) at week 8 (primary); seated cuff systolic blood pressure (SeSBP) at weeks 4 and 8, and SeDBP at week 4 (secondary), and BP target achievement (tertiary).