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Cardura (Doxazosin)

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Cardura is a high-quality medication which is taken in treatment of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate, hypertension. Cardura acts by relaxing the blood vessels and muscles of bladder and prostate.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Doxazosin, Tamsulosin, Alfuzosin


Also known as:  Doxazosin.


Cardura is a perfect remedy in struggle against hypertension, symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate.

Cardura acts by relaxing the blood vessels and muscles of bladder and prostate.

Cardura is also known as Doxazosin, Carduran, Cascor, Doxadura, Doxacard.

Generic name of Cardura is Doxazosin.

Brand names of Cardura are Cardura, XL Cardura.


Take Cardura tablets orally once a day with or without food in the morning or in the evening, extended-release tablets take once a day with a breakfast.

Do not crush or chew it.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Cardura suddenly.


If you overdose Cardura and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature below 30 degrees C (86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cardura are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Cardura if you are allergic to Cardura components.

Do not take Cardura if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Be careful using Cardura if you take HIV/AIDS medicines (nelfinavir (such as Viracept), atazanavir (such as Reyataz), indinavir (such as Crixivan), saquinavir (such as Invirase, Fortovase), ritonavir (such as Kaletra, Norvir)); clarithromycin (such as Prevpac, Biaxin); ipratropium (such as Atrovent); nefazodone; telithromycin (such as Ketek); voriconazole (such as Vfend); antihistamines; itraconazole (such as Sporanox); ketoconazole (such as Nizoral); ED medicines (vardenafil (such as Levitra); sildenafil (such as Viagra), tadalafil (such as Cialis); high blood pressure medicines; ulcers, irritable bowel disease medicines, urinary medicines, Parkinson's disease, motion sickness medicines.

It can be dangerous to use Cardura if you suffer from or have a history of prostate cancer, chest pain (angina), intestines narrowing or blockage, liver disease, short bowel syndrome, hypertension.

Avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Cardura suddenly.

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There is no consensus for the optimal treatment program for individuals with mild hypertension, including whether treatment should emphasize life-style changes alone, such as weight loss, reduction of sodium and alcohol intake, and increased physical activity, or whether it should also include a pharmacologic component. The dilemma is accentuated by the availability of many drugs from different classes to lower blood pressure. To study the relative efficacy and safety of a combination of pharmacologic and nutritional-hygienic intervention compared with nutritional-hygienic intervention alone, a double-blind, controlled clinical trial was initiated. Nine hundred two men and women with mild hypertension (average blood pressure, 140/91 mm Hg) were randomized to receive nutritional-hygienic intervention plus one of six treatments: (1) placebo; (2) diuretic (chlorthalidone); (3) beta-blocker (acebutolol); (4) alpha 1-antagonist (doxazosin mesylate); (5) calcium antagonist (amlodipine maleate); or (6) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (enalapril maleate). After 12 months, weight loss averaged 4.5 kg, urinary sodium excretion was reduced by 23%, and reported leisure-time physical activity was nearly doubled. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the group given nutritional-hygienic intervention alone (placebo) were reduced by 10.6 and 8.1 mm Hg, respectively. For participants in the five groups receiving antihypertensive medication in addition to nutritional-hygienic treatment, blood pressure reductions were significantly greater than those achieved with nutritional-hygienic treatment alone (range, 16 to 22 mm Hg for systolic and 12 to 14 mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure). Although differences among treatment groups in certain dimensions of quality of life, self-reported side effects, plasma lipid levels, and biochemical measures were observed, no consistent pattern in the differences was noted. Nutritional-hygienic therapy is an effective first-step treatment for persons with mild hypertension, and significant additional blood pressure lowering with minimal short-term side effects can be achieved by adding one of five different classes of antihypertensive agents.

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Although the pathology of essential hypertension is still unclear, studies have shown that doxazosin, a selective alpha 1-inhibitor, is able to effectively control mild-to-moderate hypertension. The aim of these two, noncomparative studies was to evaluate the efficacy and toleration of doxazosin when used as monotherapy and in combination with other antihypertensive agents. In study I, 154 patients with standing and sitting diastolic blood pressures (DBPs) ranging from 95 to 115 mm Hg were treated with once-daily doxazosin (1 to 8 mg) as monotherapy for 12 weeks. Both sitting and standing blood pressures were significantly reduced by doxazosin monotherapy. Target DBP of less than or equal to 90 mm Hg was achieved in 86% of patients after 12 weeks of therapy with doxazosin, and there was no change in heart rate. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly decreased by doxazosin, but there was no change in glucose levels. Minor side effects were seen in 17.5% of patients, and 2.6% discontinued therapy. In study II, 65 patients with DBPs ranging from 95 to 115 mm Hg on existing antihypertensive therapies were concomitantly treated with doxazosin (1 to 8 mg) once daily for 12 weeks. Target DBPs of less than or equal to 90 mm Hg was achieved in 71% of patients after 12 weeks of therapy with doxazosin. There was no change in heart rate throughout the treatment period, and plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, and glucose levels remained essentially unchanged. Three patients, each receiving a beta-blocker, a diuretic, and doxazosin, were withdrawn because of side effects. Minor side effects, which were considered drug related were seen in 21% of patients. Doxazosin is a drug with good antihypertensive efficacy and is well tolerated as monotherapy and in combination with beta-blockers, thiazide diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, and various combinations of these drugs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Although the parathyroid hormone-related protein gene is widely expressed in the central nervous system, the role of this protein in blood pressure is unknown. This article examines whether parathyroid hormone-related protein is involved in the central regulation of blood pressure. An intraventricularly injected solution of parathyroid hormone-related protein elicited a dose-dependent increase of mean arterial pressure accompanied by a decrease of heart rate in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats. An anti-parathyroid hormone-related protein monoclonal antibody, given in an intraventricularly injected solution, blocked the pressor effect of parathyroid hormone-related protein. Furthermore, this pressor effect of parathyroid hormone-related protein was also abolished after pretreatment by intravenous administration of either hexamethonium bromide or doxazosin mesylate. These results suggest that central parathyroid hormone-related protein is implicated in the regulation of blood pressure, and that this effect may be mediated through sympathetic activation.

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These findings suggest that the arterial stiffness reduction induced by antihypertensive medications is associated with the improvement of renal damage, independent of home/office SBP reduction.

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We retrospectively reviewed 88 consecutive patients undergone LA for lesions of adrenal glands from 2003 to 2013. The first 30 operations were considered part of the learning curve. Doxazosin was preoperatively administered in case of pheochromocytoma (PCC), while spironolactone and potassium were employed to treat Conn's disease. Perioperative cardiovascular status modifications and surgical and medium- and long-term results were analyzed.

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We present a female Jehovah's Witness patient with concomitant severe left main and left anterior descending coronary artery disease and pheochromocytoma who underwent successful off-pump myocardial revascularization. Perioperative management of this patient included alpha-blockade with Doxazosin followed by beta-blockade with Metoprolol. A short-acting Phentolamine was used for alpha-blockade before surgery. Because she refused transfusion of blood and blood products, erythropoietin and iron was used to increase her hemoglobin in both the preoperative and postoperative periods. Intraoperative strategy included off-pump myocardial revascularization, the use of a pulmonary catheter to monitor hemodynamics, the use of norepinephrine and epinephrine to increase blood pressure, the employment of the cell saver, and transesophageal echocardiography.

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MDMA produced mydriasis, prolonged the latency, reduced the response to light, and shortened the recovery time. The impaired reflex response was associated with subjective, cardiostimulant, and hyperthermic drug effects and returned to normal within 6 h after MDMA administration when plasma MDMA levels were still high. Mydriasis was associated with changes in plasma MDMA concentration over time and longer-lasting. Both reboxetine and duloxetine interacted with the effects of MDMA on pupillary function. Clonidine did not significantly reduce the mydriatic effects of MDMA, although it produced miosis when administered alone. Carvedilol and doxazosin did not alter the effects of MDMA on pupillary function.

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Thirty-six men (mean age 83.6 years, SD 5.6, range 80-96) received either doxazosin 4 mg (11 men) or 8 mg (10 men), or terazosin 5 mg (five men) or 10 mg (10 men), once daily at night. Twenty-eight men (78%) were on other anti-hypertensive medication; the type and dosage were not changed during the study. Efficacy and safety were assessed using measurements of peak urinary flow rate, symptom scores and the incidence of adverse events.

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Influence of postjunctional alpha 1- and subsequent alpha 2-adrenergic antagonism on myocardial blood flow was measured in a group of anesthetized cats with acute occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and a control group (n = 10 for both). The relatively selective postjunctional alpha 1-(doxazosin) and alpha 2-adrenergic (SK&F 104078) antagonists were applied after beta-adrenergic blockade (propranolol). Regional myocardial blood flow was obtained with radiolabeled microspheres. Major hemodynamic determinants for perfusion were kept constant both within and between groups by right atrial pacing and aortic obstruction. Mean coronary resistance in nonischemic myocardium was permanently lower in the occlusion group as compared with controls (p less than 0.01). Subsequent alpha 2-adrenergic antagonism reduced mean coronary resistance in controls only (p less than 0.05). Cardiac output (CO) and dP/dt was reduced in LAD-occluded hearts after alpha 2-adrenergic blockade (p less than 0.01, p less than 0.05). The study demonstrates the significance of postjunctional alpha 2-adrenergic-mediated vasoconstriction in well-perfused myocardium of control hearts, whereas such vasoconstriction was deteriorated in LAD-occluded hearts. A role for myocardial alpha 2-adrenoceptors for maintenance of global cardiac function in acute regional ischemia was also indicated.

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Fifteen patients with arterial hypertension (AH) were examined. Their peripheral venous hemodynamics, central circulation, systolic and diastolic functions were studied and a course therapy with doxazosin (cardura, Pfizer, USA) was performed for 30 days. Cardura (doxazosin) was found to be the drug of choice for antihypertensive therapy in patients with AH concurrent with baseline systemic venous normo- or hypertension. In patients with baseline venous hypervolemia in the presence of venous hypotension, cardura therapy resulted in deterioration of signs of venous insufficiency and promoted the development (in 38% of the cases) or progression (in 38%) of diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle (LV). Thus, the venous circulation and LV myocardial function should be originally assessed in order to decide whether cardura (doxazosin) is used in antihypertensive therapy in patients with AH.

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Iasi "Sf Spiridon" Emergency Hospital and "Oftaprof" private practice

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alpha1-Adrenoreceptors are thought to be involved in prostate smooth muscle contractions and could hence play a role in the dynamic component of intravesical obstruction associated with symptomatic BPH. Consequently, since the mid-eighties alpha receptor blocking agents have been used for the treatment of BPH. Non-selective alpha blockers are usually associated with systemic side-effects which resulted in an exclusion or withdrawal of many patients from this form of treatment. With the availability of so-called uroselective alpha blockers the management picture has changed since it was anticipated that these compounds cause lesser side-effects with at least the same, or even better, efficacy. Comparative clinical studies are essential for determining the eventual advantages of the uroselective alpha1-antagonists and a large number of such studies have been performed worldwide studying the various available compounds. European studies with terazosin showed clear superiority of the drug over the placebo while causing only limited side-effects. Various other studies using alpha-blocking agents such as doxazosin, tamsulosin and alfuzosin yielded identical results. Especially with tamsulosin and alfuzosin, the side-effects were comparable with those encountered in the placebo group. About 7% of the patients using tamsulosin experienced retrograde ejaculation in one study which did not occur in the alfuzosin studies. Important studies in Europe have also investigated the value of a combination of an alpha blocker with a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor. Comparable studies in which both alfuzosin and doxazosin were combined with the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor Proscar have shown that a combination is not superior to a blocker monotherapy and especially in the ALFIN study the results show that alfuzosin monotherapy is superior to Proscar in the management of symptomatic BPH. European studies have evaluated Quality of Life, sexuality as well as socio-economical outcome of the treatment with alpha1 receptor antagonists. These studies completed the spectrum of clinical research in Europe in the important field of management of symptomatic BPH with uroselective alpha1 antagonists.

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Prostatic and erectile tissues were obtained from nine to 12 patients, respectively. Patients underwent cystoprostatectomy for infiltrating bladder cancer or penile surgery for penile implant, congenital curvature or Peyronie's disease.

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The role of alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonists (alpha-blockers) in the management of hypertension continues to evolve. Recent data support their use as add-on therapy in uncontrolled hypertension when used in combination with all other major classes of antihypertensive drug and there is increasing evidence suggesting that they have modest but significant beneficial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. The availability of extended-release formulations has contributed to an excellent tolerability profile. New data from an observational analysis of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT) suggest that doxazosin gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) used as a third-line antihypertensive agent lowered blood pressure and caused modest reductions in plasma lipids. Furthermore, use of doxazosin in ASCOT was not associated with an increased risk of heart failure, in contrast to the earlier finding of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). Overall, currently available data support the use of alpha-blockers as safe, well tolerated and effective add-on antihypertensive drugs, which have additional favourable metabolic effects.

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Doxazosin may be an antihypertensive agent that decreases both waking and sleeping BP through inhibiting sympathetic nervous activity in macroalbuminuric diabetes patients.

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Patients before TURP were significantly more depressed, worried and psychiatrically morbid than were those before medical treatment. Three months after medical and surgical treatment, there was significantly less depression, anxiety and psychiatric morbidity in the TURP than in the medication group.

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This study investigated the safety and efficacy of doxazosin treatment in a large population of patients (n = 336) with essential hypertension and assessed the effect of doxazosin on the serum lipid profile and the calculated risk of developing coronary heart disease. Patients were assigned to two groups: those with a baseline diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 95 mm Hg (group 1) and those with a baseline diastolic blood pressure less than 95 mm Hg (group 2) that was controlled by previous antihypertensive therapy. Doxazosin treatment (monotherapy in 76.2% of patients) significantly (p less than 0.05) reduced the blood pressure of patients in group 1 (-23/-17 mm Hg) after 10 weeks and maintained the control of blood pressure for patients in group 2. Heart rate was essentially unchanged in both groups. Mean final daily doses of 3.6 and 3.2 mg were achieved in groups 1 and 2, respectively. Treatment with doxazosin improved the severity category of hypertension for 88.4% of patients in group 1; 87.3% of patients were considered a therapy success. Doxazosin had a favorable effect on the serum lipid profile in both groups of patients. The majority of lipid changes achieved statistical significance and resulted in a significant 27% decrease in the calculated risk of developing coronary heart disease. Doxazosin was well tolerated; only 24.1% of patients had side effects that were related or possibly related to treatment. In nine (2.7%) patients the dose of doxazosin was reduced and 26 (7.7%) patients withdrew from doxazosin therapy because of side effects.

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The use of alpha-blockers for all prescriptions began to decrease after the closure of the alpha-blocker (doxazosin) arm of ALLHAT in January 2000. Prescriptions for the thiazide-type diuretics immediately increased after the ALLHAT publication in December 2002. During the first 6 months of 2003, the percentages of thiazide-type diuretics were statistically significantly higher compared with the predicted values. This pattern held for all as well as for new antihypertensive prescriptions.

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The four alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists were evaluated against norepinephrine-induced phasic contractions in mouse isolated ureteral preparations and against phenylephrine-induced sustained contractions in hamster isolated ureteral preparations using a functional experimental technique.

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In vitro, pharmacological antagonism of alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in endothelial cells from WKY rats by doxazosin enhanced, while stimulation of these adrenoceptors with phenylephrine, inhibited endothelial cell proliferation and DNA synthesis, ERK and retinoblastoma protein (Rb) phosphorylation, cell migration and tubule formation. In vivo, we found increased alpha(1)-adrenoceptor density in the ischaemic hindlimb, compared to non-ischaemic hindlimb, suggesting an enhanced alpha(1)-adrenoceptor tone in the ischaemic tissue. Treatment with doxazosin (0.06 mg kg(-1) day(-1) for 14 days) did not alter systemic blood pressure but enhanced neo-angiogenesis in the ischaemic hindlimb, as measured by all our assays.

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Management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is often complicated by concomitant hypertension, a life-threatening condition that must be managed optimally. Many of the alpha blockers used to treat BPH also decrease blood pressure, and terazosin and doxazosin have been shown to have significant cardiovascular side effects, such as asthenia/fatigue, postural hypotension, and dizziness when used to treat BPH patients. Furthermore, these drugs are not first-line therapies for hypertension, and the majority of hypertensive BPH patients will be receiving other antihypertensive agents. Therefore, it is possible that the introduction of these drugs will affect blood pressure control, at least temporarily, with possible adverse effects. In contrast, the selective alpha1A blocker tamsulosin does not appear to have significant cardiovascular side effects and produces minimal blood pressure reductions. Therefore, urologists can choose either to use alpha blockers to treat both hypertension and BPH or to treat BPH using alpha blockers that do not interact with antihypertensive therapy. This review focuses on the alpha blockers currently being used to treat BPH, their effects on the cardiovascular system, and their interaction with antihypertensive drugs.

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There were improvements in all urodynamic parameters (Free Qmax: 30.4% and 28%, PVR: 14 ml and 12 ml, invasive Qmax: 29.3% and 26.2%, Pdet at Qmax: -32.7% and -30%, Pdet-max: -29% and -27.7% at end of the 1st and 6th months whereas placebo effects were worsening in all urodynamic parameters.

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Overall antihypertensive use in the autonomous region of Valencia in 2005 was 235.6DDD/1000/day. This consumption was concentrated in pensioners (800DDD/1000p/day vs. 73DDD/1000a/day). Consumption of antihypertensive subgroups oscillated from 442DDD/1000p/day for drugs with action on the renin-angiotensin system to 32DDD/1000p/day for doxazosin. The active population showed similar patterns. Variation in consumption was moderate, with coefficients of variation from 0.20 to 0.40 (slightly greater for the active population). Associations among dispensations of the different therapeutic subgroups were strong.

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cardura 4mg tab 2015-08-28

A correlation was found between the intraoperative time periods of SBP above 160 mm Hg and plasma norepinephrine levels (r = 0.23; P < 0.05), tumor diameter (r = 0.36; P < 0.01), and postural BP fall (r = 0.30; P < 0.05). MAP at presentation and after alpha-blockade above 100 mm Hg (BP, 130/85 mm Hg) was related to more and longer episodes with a SBP above 160 mm Hg (P < 0.01). Type of operation or alpha-blockade and presence of a familial polytumor syndrome were not related to intraoperative HD instability. Postoperative MAP was lower in the DOX group than buy cardura in the PXB group (P < 0.05).

cardura generic name 2017-07-18

For the treatment of acute urinary retention (AUR) as one of the most serious complications of adenoma of the prostate (BPH), alpha-adrenoblockers are widely used. The article presents an experience of the use of the new uroselective alpha-adrenoblocker silodosin approved for the treatment of patients with urination buy cardura disorders caused by BPH. Its pharmacological profile has a number of advantages, including the highest uroselectiveness at the present day, immediate action, the potential for the use of standard dose of 8 mg 1 time a day, which does not require a correction depending on the age, and the possibility of the simultaneous application with antihypertensive drugs.

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As men age, the buy cardura incidence of both benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and hypertension increases. Concomitant occurrence of these conditions also increases with age, and the 2 are frequently encountered together in primary care practice. In addition, many patients with hypertension require >1 antihypertensive agent to adequately control blood pressure. In a multicenter, community-based, 8-week, uncontrolled, open-label study, we evaluated doxazosin, a selective alpha1-adrenergic-receptor antagonist, in 491 patients with concomitant symptomatic BPH (American Urological Association [AUA] symptom score > or =12) and hypertension, some previously untreated and some with inadequately controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure 120-179 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] 80-109 mm Hg) despite taking 1 or 2 antihypertensive agents. Patients were allocated to 1 of 4 groups at baseline according to their diastolic blood pressure (control was considered DBP <90 mm Hg) and whether they had received antihypertensive medication before the study. Thus the 4 groups were treated/well-controlled, treated/poorly controlled, untreated/hypertensive, and untreated/normotensive. In all patient groups, doxazosin therapy significantly improved AUA total symptom and bothersomeness scores and BPH-specific indices of health status and interference with activities (P<0.001). Significant improvements in BPH symptoms were observed with doxazosin, regardless of whether initial symptoms were moderate or severe (P<0.001). Clinically important blood pressure lowering occurred only in the patient groups in which blood pressure had been elevated at baseline. Patients whose blood pressure was poorly controlled at baseline, either without or with treatment (predominantly with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or calcium channel blockers), achieved adequate blood pressure control (reduction to <140/90 mm Hg) with the addition of doxazosin. Similar improvements in blood pressure and BPH symptoms were seen in both older (> or =65 years) and younger (45 to 64 years) patients, and doxazosin was well tolerated by both groups. The most frequent treatment-related adverse event was dizziness (13.0% of patients); however, patients classified the dizziness as mild in approximately 75% of reports, and severe dizziness was reported by only 2 patients (0.4%). Doxazosin is an effective antihypertensive agent when used in combination with agents from other antihypertensive classes in patients with poorly controlled hypertension and BPH, and is also successful as monotherapy for controlling both BPH and hypertension in patients with mild to moderate hypertension.

cardura 50 mg 2016-12-03

Evidence supports a role for the noradrenergic system in alcohol drinking in animals and humans. Our previous studies demonstrated the efficacy of prazosin, an α1-adrenergic antagonist, in decreasing alcohol drinking in rat models of alcohol dependence. Prazosin has also been shown to decrease alcohol drinking in treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent men. Clinically, the use of prazosin is limited by the requirement for multiple daily administrations, whereas doxazosin, a structurally similar α1-adrenergic antagonist, requires only once-daily dosing. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that doxazosin, like prazosin, would decrease alcohol drinking in rats selectively bred for alcohol buy cardura preference (P line).

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The selective alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist doxazosin in both standard formulation and gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) controlled-release buy cardura formulation is effective for hypertension without having a negative impact on serum lipids. This study was designed to compare the relative efficacy of these two formulations of doxazosin on clinic and ambulatory blood pressure and serum lipids in patients with mild to moderate hypertension.

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In this buy cardura prospective, ex vivo, single-blind study, the effect of doxazosin on platelet function was studied in patients with hypertension.

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Doxazosin has been shown to lower serum cholesterol levels in the cholesterol-fed (0.75% in a synthetic diet that contains sucrose and cholic acid) C57BR/cdJ mouse. These studies show that the drug's main effect is to lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and leave high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels unchanged. The drug had cholesterol-lowering effects in this model at doses down to 3 mg/kg. In order to determine if these effects are unique to selective alpha 1-inhibitors, other antihypertensives including hydralazine, papaverine, and captopril were investigated. None of the drugs has any effects on the plasma lipid metabolite levels. The effects of propranolol and polythiazide on plasma lipid levels were also examined in these mice. Propranolol had no effect, whereas the diuretic increased plasma cholesterol levels. Both propranolol and polythiazide increased plasma triglycerides. Doxazosin has been shown to inhibit cGMP phosphodiesterase in the laboratory. The effects of zaprinast, a cGMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, were tested in order to determine if this property of the drug could be responsible for its lipid-lowering activity. The data buy cardura show that there are no effects on plasma lipids in zaprinast-treated animals. Doxazosin treatment increased heparin-releasable lipoprotein lipase in fasted chow-fed mice. The drug was without effect on the activity of hepatic lipase present in the plasma after heparin release. No effects were observed on the tissue levels of either hepatic or lipoprotein lipases (heart or adipose tissue).

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Patients vary reproducibly in their response to initial treatment, and switching among drugs can increase the efficacy of monotherapy. The results support an AB/CD scheme for choosing therapy, in which the first drug is taken from one of these pairs, and uncontrolled patients switch to one of buy cardura the other pair.

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The authors showed, in a spin-off study of SYST-EUR, that 24% of subjects with isolated systolic hypertension on conventional measurement were not hypertensive during ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Moreover, in white coat hypertension, treatment had no effect either on the electrical signs of left ventricular hypertrophy or on the incidence of clinical events (cerebrovascular accident and global cardiovascular complications), contrary to what is observed in permanent systolic hypertension. These results raise question as to the diagnosis and treatment of isolated systolic hypertension in the elderly and prompt to a larger usage (if not systematic) of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in this context. The importance of systolic blood pressure and pulsed pressure For different reasons, diastolic blood pressure was thought to be of greater prognostic significance, as the very large majority of clinical trials recruited on the basis of the value of their diastolic blood pressure alone buy cardura demonstrate. In recent years, the importance of systolic blood pressure has been underlined in many studies and 3 trials have shown the unquestionable benefits of treatment of isolated hypertension. It would also appear that the pulse pressure, which reflects arterial compliance, has considerable prognostic value. In the absence of established manometric criteria and mostly of therapeutic trials, the practical use of the pulse pressure remains questionable. The interruption of the doxazosin arm of the ALLHAT trial The ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) study showed a doubling of the morbidity from cardiac failure, a 19% excess of cerebrovascular events and 16% of angina pectoris in subjects treated with doxazosin compared with those treated with chlorthalidone. The differences in blood pressure with treatment were minimal and, a priori, unable to explain these results. Beyond the fact that alphablockers cannot be considered as first-line antihypertensive therapy, without doubt, the affirmation that lowering the blood pressure provides the same benefit irrespective of the antihypertensive agent used, probably needs to be reviewed.

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After the treatment, Group A showed significantly better improvement in the average 24 h urinary frequency and scores on IPSS and QOL than Group B. No significant differences were found between the two groups in the maximum urinary flow rate and residual urine volume. No buy cardura acute urinary retention occurred in either group.

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A novel facile method for on-site detection of antipertensive chemicals (e. g. nicardipine hydrochloride, doxazosin mesylate, propranolol hydrochloride, and hydrochlorothiazide) adulterated in traditional Chinese medicine for hypertension using thin layer chromatography (TLC) combined with surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was reported in the present paper. Analytes and pharmaceutical matrices was separated by TLC, then SERS method was used to complete qualitative identification of trace substances on TLC plate. By optimizing colloidal silver concentration and developing solvent, as well as exploring the optimal buy cardura limits of detection (LOD), the initially established TLC-SERS method was used to detect real hypertension Chinese pharmaceuticals. The results showed that this method had good specificity for the four chemicals and high sensitivity with a limit of detection as lower as to 0.005 microg. Finally, two of the ten antipertensive drugs were detected to be adulterated with chemicals. This simple and fast method can realize rapid detection of chemicals illegally for doping in antipertensive Chinese pharmaceuticals, and would have good prospects in on-site detection of chemicals for doping in Chinese pharmaceuticals.

cardura generic equivalent 2017-05-08

Doxazosin, at a daily dose of 4 mg daily for 6 months, is a safe and buy cardura effective treatment in patients with BPH.

cardura and alcohol 2016-12-18

It has been well established that erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common incident in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia. Animal models have been described to investigate the relationship between bladder obstruction and ED. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether partial bladder outlet obstruction (PBOO) induces changes in the contraction buy cardura and relaxation response of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) of the penis in the rabbit model. Partial bladder obstruction was performed in rabbits as previously described. After 2 and 4 weeks of follow-up, control, sham-operated (2- and 4-week duration) and partial bladder outlet obstructed (obstruction of 2- and 4-week duration) rabbits were sacrificed and their bladder masses determined. Then CCSM tissue was obtained. Contraction responses induced by 124 mM KCl, phenylephrine (10(-6) to 10(-4)M) and relaxation responses induced by doxazosin (10(-7) to 10(-5)M) in CCSM of rabbits were determined. The obtained contraction and relaxation responses of all groups were compared. Bladder weight was significantly higher in PBOO groups than in control and sham-operated rabbits. Contraction responses induced by KCl and phenylephrine were statistically enhanced in the 4-week PBOO groups than controls. However, there was no statistically significant difference in any KCl, phenylephrine and doxazosin responses between 2- and 4-week sham-operated and PBOO groups. The rabbit model of PBOO described for the studies which examine bladder responses is useful for creating bladder outlet obstruction. However, this model is not suitable for the investigation of outlet obstruction-related ED.

cardura 5 mg 2015-03-14

CA use Diamox Dosing Iv was associated with lower hemoglobin levels in our hemodialysis patient population.

cardura drug interactions 2015-05-26

Forty-six recipients were diagnosed with BPH. Their transplanted kidney functions were stable. They received 4 or 8 mg/d of extended-release doxazosin orally. After 2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks, changes in the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL), peak urinary Duphaston 5 Mg flow rate (Q(max)), residual urine, blood pressure, renal graft function, and trough immunosuppressant concentrations were analyzed by a prospective, self-calibrated method.

cardura online 2015-06-24

Although both treatments decreased both office and 24 Zithromax Suspension -hour BP, losartan + HCTZ significantly decreased central systolic BP and had a more positive influence on pulse wave velocity, with a less negative effect of decreased heart rate on AIx and central systolic BP.

cardura maximum dosage 2017-10-19

This review suggests that both classes of drug offer significant improvement in criteria used to evaluate symptomatic BPH and can be effective whilst being acceptably safe. Furthermore, the therapeutic efficacy of all contemporary alpha-blockers appear similar, both in terms of symptom relief and urodynamic improvements. Randomised controlled trials have additionally demonstrated that finasteride therapy can provide improvement in terms of quality of life indices, prostate volume, and risks Moduretic 50 Mg of progressing to acute urinary retention or prostatic surgery. While alpha-blockers have a rapid onset of action, likely to produce a therapeutic result within weeks, regardless of whether prostatic enlargement or bladder outlet obstruction is present, finasteride appears to be effective for more long-term therapy for up to 4 years, but only in alleviating symptoms when they are associated with a significantly large prostate. Neither finasteride nor the alpha(1a)-receptor-selective blocker, tamsulosin, are associated with the lowering of blood pressure and incidence of cardiovascular side effects that are apparent with other less selective alpha-blocker therapies such as dizziness and postural hypertension. They are, however, both associated with an increased risk of sexual dysfunction, albeit less than those associated with surgical intervention. Whereas tamsulosin is associated only with ejaculatory dysfunction, finasteride is additionally linked to decreased libido and impotence.

cardura bph dosage 2017-06-24

The article is devoted to the study of pharmacoeconomic efficiency of use of alpha-blockers for treating chronic prostatitis. Setegis 2 mg, cardura 2 mg, magurol 2 mg were employed in the study. Expediency is proved of employment of alpha-blockers in a complex treatment of chronic prostatitis. No clinically significant advantages have been revealed in a comparative evaluation of drugs produced by different firms of manufacturers Effexor Generic Brand in treatment of chronic prostatitis. Revealed in the study was economic expediency of making use of the EGIS firm alpha-blocker (Setegis 2 mg), which fact is accounted for by a lower comparative cost of the drug in the retail market of Ukraine and by its identical, in fact, clinical effectiveness.

cardura 20 mg 2016-03-30

Fifty-nine cases of pheochromocytoma were confirmed by histopathology examination: 38 in group 1 and 21 in group 2. No differences were found in the preoperative demographics, comorbidities, BP and anesthesia. Intraoperative BP and heart rate showed no difference between these two groups. Intraoperative use of nitroglycerin (P < 0.001), norepinephrine (P < 0.001), phentolamine (P < 0.001) and colloid Albenza Roundworm Dosage fluid (P = 0.008) was significantly greater in group 1 with doxazosin.

cardura prostate medication 2016-12-25

Hypertension and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, especially among African Americans. The African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Pilot Study evaluated the feasibility of conducting a long-term clinical trial to compare the effects of two levels of blood pressure control and three different antihypertensive drug regimens on the rate of decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in African Americans with clinically diagnosed hypertensive renal disease. African American men and women aged 18-70 years with a GFR of 25-70 ml/min/ 1.73m2 and hypertension were randomized in a 3 x 2 factorial design to initial treatment with either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (enalapril), a calcium channel blocker (amlodipine), or a beta blocker (atenolol) and to a mean arterial blood pressure (goal MAP) of either 102-107 mm Hg or < or = 92 mm Hg. Furosemide, doxazosin, clonidine, hydralazine, and minoxidil were added sequentially until goal MAP was achieved. To compare the pathologic diagnosis with the clinical diagnosis of renal disease, study participants without contraindication were also asked to undergo a renal biopsy. The goals of the AASK Pilot Study were to evaluate recruitment techniques, adherence to prescribed antihypertensive drug regimens, ability of the antihypertensive regimens to achieve blood pressure goals, rates of participation in scheduled clinic visits and procedures, and variability of GFR measurements. A further goal was to obtain renal biopsy data in at least 75% of the randomized study participants. Compared to the ESRD patient population whose renal disease is caused by hypertension, women were underrepresented in the AASK Pilot Study. AASK Pilot Study participants had higher unemployment rates and lower income levels than African Americans Lioresal Overdose in the general U.S. population.

cardura 6 mg 2015-10-06

Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of metabolic abnormalities with visceral obesity and insulin resistance as its central component, is highly Lopid Medication Dosage prevalent among hypertensive patients. Hypertension complicated by metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and new-onset Type II diabetes mellitus that further aggravates the prognostic outlook. Such a complex condition requires a multifactorial intervention including blood pressure lowering, improvement of the adverse metabolic profile and delayed onset of new diabetes. In this respect, doxazosin and other alpha-1 adrenoceptor blocking agents are of interest given their effect on the lipid profile in dyslipidemic, obese hypertensive patients, either diabetic or not. Doxazosin improves insulin sensitivity, apparently by accelerating insulin and glucose disposal through vasodilatation of skeletal muscle vascular beds. Whether long-term treatment with the drug might delay, or possibly prevent, incident Type II diabetes in hypertension complicated by metabolic syndrome is an intriguing possibility to be tested in appropriately designed clinical trials.

cardura 40 mg 2016-06-30

We retrospectively reviewed 88 consecutive patients undergone LA for lesions of adrenal glands from 2003 to 2013. The first 30 operations were considered part of the learning curve. Doxazosin was preoperatively administered in case of pheochromocytoma (PCC), while spironolactone and potassium were Cialis 5mg Tablets employed to treat Conn's disease. Perioperative cardiovascular status modifications and surgical and medium- and long-term results were analyzed.

cardura tablets 2mg 2017-12-25

Although the long-term survival of patients suffering from coronary spasm is usually excellent, serious complications can develop, such as disabling pain, myocardial infarction, ventricular tachyarrhythmias, atrioventricular block and sudden cardiac death. A 40-year-old man who had intractable chest pain from coronary artery Cefixime Tablet Price spasm suffered ventricular fibrillation and an acute anterior myocardial infarction upon first admission. The patient underwent a coronary angiogram, which revealed a spontaneous focal spasm at the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). He was treated by the combination of nitrate and calcium channel blocker, but continued to complain of severe chest pain despite intensive medical therapy and he had to be treated in the emergency room 5 times during an 8-month follow-up period. An ergonovine coronary angiogram was performed and an intracoronary ultrasound examination, which revealed a focal spasm at the same site of the proximal LAD with a small amount of localized eccentric atheromatous plaque. A coronary artery stent was placed in the proximal LAD and his symptoms resolved. A follow-up coronary angiogram was performed 3 years after stenting and the stent remained patent without any in-stent restenosis or spasm.

cardura 10 mg 2015-12-17

Overall, 78 of 681 treated hypertensive subjects used alpha-blockers (11%). Nine per cent of dippers and 16% of nondippers were treated with alpha-blockade, odds ratio 2.0. Whereas clinic, 24-h, and awake blood pressures were similar in alpha-blocker users and nonusers, sleep blood pressure was significantly higher in the former group. Furthermore, significantly fewer subjects given alpha-blockers had a controlled sleep blood pressure. Among alpha-blocker nonusers sleep blood pressure was the best controlled category, whereas in alpha-blocker users manual blood pressure had the highest rate of control. Generally, accounting for covariates of alpha-blockade (age, gender, diabetes, total number of medications) did not influence the Asacol Medication Price above-mentioned trends. Finally, a limited negative dose-response relationship between alpha-blockade and dipping magnitude was also noticed.