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Micardis (Telmisartan)

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Micardis is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). This drug works by blocking the hormone angiotensin thereby relaxing blood vessels, causing them to widen. High blood pressure reduction helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Avapro, Benicar, Cozaar, Diovan, Teveten


Also known as:  Telmisartan.


Micardis is a member of a family of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), which includes losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), irbesartan (Avapro), and candesartan (Atacand). ARBs block the ability of the chemical angiotensin II to constrict or squeeze arteries and veins. As a result, the arteries and veins enlarge and blood pressure falls. The reduced pressure in the arteries also makes it easier for the heart to pump blood.

Generic name of Micardis is Telmisartan.

Micardis is also known as Telmisartan, Pritor, Kinzal, Telma, Telday, Teleact D.

Brand name of Micardis is Micardis.


Take Micardis orally, usually once a day.

You may take this drug with or without food.

Use Micardis regularly in order to get the most benefit from it.

To help you remember, use Micardis at the same time each day.

For the treatment of high blood pressure, it may take 4 weeks before the full benefit of this drug occurs.

It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well.

Most people with high blood pressure do not feel sick.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Micardis suddenly.


If you overdose Micardis and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Tablets should not be removed from the blisters until right before use. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Micardis are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Micardis if you are allergic to Micardis components.

Be very careful with Micardis if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. This drug can cause serious fetal harm (possibly death) if used during the last six months of pregnancy.

Be careful with Micardis if you have kidney disease, liver disease, high blood levels of potassium, heart problems, severe dehydration (and loss of electrolytes such as sodium), diabetes (poorly controlled), any allergies (especially to ACE inhibitors such as captopril, lisinopril).

To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a seated or lying position.

Use Micardis with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Be careful with Micardis if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Be careful with Micardis if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment.

Elderly patients should be careful with Micardis. They may be more sensitive to its effects.

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Do not stop taking Micardis suddenly.

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To study persistence and adherence with the use of common antihypertensive (AHT) medications.

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The efficacy of inhibition of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in patients with AMI has been established, and the prescription of ACE inhibitor is recommended as class I indication for all AMI patients, whereas that of angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) as class IIa. Telmisartan is a unique ARB since it has a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma activating effect which is known to reduce neointimal tissue proliferation after coronary stenting.

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Telmisartan was orally administered at MD condition (100 μg), and then at TD condition (80 mg) to 33 healthy volunteers whose genotypes were prescreened by DMET Plus. Plasma concentrations of telmisartan and its glucuronide were measured by LC-MS/MS, and population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed.

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Telmisartan is an angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), which also partially activates liganding peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma. However, the relationship between the effects of telmisartan on hemodynamics and metabolism has not sufficiently been elucidated in clinical settings. We examined the long-term effects of telmisartan on hemodynamics including home blood pressure (BP) and on insulin resistance representing as homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-R). Twenty-seven hypertensive patients were consecutively enrolled at our outpatient department. At entry, all of the participants were previously prescribed another ARB for more than 3 months and then the former ARB were replaced by telmisartan. Hemodynamic and metabolic parameters were measured before treatment and at points 1 and 3 months after treatment with telmisartan. Telmisartan significantly lowered home systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (DBP) and improved HOMA-R during the treatment period. However, the changes in home SBP and DBP were not correlated with that of HOMA-R. In conclusion, telmisartan lowers home BP and improves insulin resistance without correlation between their changes.

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Electronic data capture (EDC) systems have been widely used in clinical research, but mobile device-based electronic data capture (mEDC) system has not been well evaluated.

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The ONgoing Telmisartan Alone and in combination with Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial (ONTARGET()) showed that the angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) telmisartan was as protective as the reference-standard ramipril in a broad cross-section of patients at increased cardiovascular risk, but was better tolerated. Telmisartan has a unique profile among ARBs, with a high affinity for the angiotensin II type 1 receptor, a long duration of receptor binding, a high lipophilicity and a long plasma half life. This leads to sustained and powerful blood pressure lowering when compared with the first marketed ARBs, such as losartan and valsartan. Some pharmacological properties of telmisartan clearly distinguish it from other members of the ARB class and may contribute to the clinical effects seen with telmisartan. A class effect for ARBs cannot be assumed. To date, telmisartan is the only ARB that has been shown to reduce cardiovascular risk in at-risk cardiovascular patients.

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Basal nitric oxide (NO) activity has a pivotal role in the regulation of glomerular hemodynamics, and in animal experiments, its alteration has been associated with morphological changes characteristic of diabetic nephropathy.

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The cohort included 61 493 patients aged ≥18 years who received their first antihypertensive drug prescription (monotherapy, fixed or extemporaneous combination) during the period 2003-6. Patients were classified as 'persistent' if 12 months after the beginning of treatment they were still taking a regular therapy (same drug = 'same therapy users', added one or more drugs = 'add-on therapy users', different drug = 'switchers'). Otherwise, they were classified as 'non-persistent' (stopping therapy after the first prescription = 'occasional users'; stopping treatment early = 'stoppers'; taking medicines in an erratic fashion = 'intermittent users').

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Telmisartan and losartan, angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists, are used to manage hypertension. We previously reported that telmisartan, a partial agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), exhibited stronger vasoprotection than the same dose of losartan in normotensive chronic kidney disease (CKD) rats. We investigated whether telmisartan could inhibit vascular dysfunction in hypertensive CKD rats, via both AT1 receptor blockade and PPAR-γ activation, more effectively than losartan, which decreased blood pressure to a similar extent as telmisartan.

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The yield of [(11)C]Telmisartan for clinical research use was 16.8 ± 2.9% EOB as decay corrected (n = 8, mean ± SD) in 32-36 min. The radiochemical purity of [(11)C]Telmisartan was >97%, and specific activity was higher than 86.3 MBq/nmol.

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To investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic effects of telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1-R) antagonist, on ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization.

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In this study, efficacy of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker telmisartan given as monotherapy was compared with that of perindopril monotherapy in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. After a 2-week, single-blind, placebo run-in period, 60 patients were randomised to double-blind, once-daily treatment with telmisartan 80 mg or perindopril 4 mg for 6 weeks. Clinic and ambulatory blood pressure measurements and clinical laboratory evaluation were performed at the end of the placebo run-in and active treatment phases. Both telmisartan and perindopril significantly (p < 0.0001) reduced clinic systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) compared with baseline values. Also, both drugs significantly (p < 0.0001) reduced 24-h mean ambulatory SBP and DBP compared with baseline. Comparison of the mean hourly antihypertensive activities showed that the reduction in mean ambulatory DBP for the last 8 h of the dosing interval was significantly greater (p < 0.05) in telmisartan-treated patients. A 24-h mean DBP of <85 mmHg was observed in 66.6% of the telmisartan-treated patients but in only 46.6% of the perindopril-treated patients (p < 0.05). It is concluded that telmisartan and perindopril both produce significant reductions in clinic SBP and DBP, but the mean reduction in ambulatory DBP during the last 8 h of the dosing interval is greater in patients treated with telmisartan.

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Valsartan administered at 160 or 320 mg is more effective at lowering BP than losartan 100 mg and shows comparable efficacy to other ARBs in patients with essential hypertension.

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AT1 receptor blockers (ARB) and in part ACE inhibitors (ACI) potentially exert beneficial effects on atherogenesis independent of AT1 receptor inhibition. These pleiotropic effects might be related to angiotensin II mediated activation of the AT2 receptor. To analyze this hypothesis we investigated the development of atherosclerosis and the role of ACIs and ARBs in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice and in ApoE/AT1A receptor double knockout mice (ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-)). ApoE(-/-) mice and ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice were fed cholesterol-rich diet for 7 weeks. Vascular oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and atherosclerotic lesion formation were evident in ApoE(-/-) mice, but were markedly reduced in ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice. Concomitant treatment of ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice with either telmisartan or ramipril had no additional effect on blood pressure, vascular oxidative stress, AT2 receptor expression, and endothelial function. Remarkably, atherosclerotic lesion formation was increased in ramipril treated ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice compared to untreated ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice whereas pharmacological AT1 receptor inhibition with telmisartan had no additional effect on atherogenesis. Moreover, chronic AT2 receptor inhibition with PD123,319 significantly increased plaque development in ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice. In additional experiments, direct AT2 receptor stimulation reduced atherogenesis in ApoE(-/-)/AT1A(-/-) mice. Taken together, our data demonstrate a relevant antiatherosclerotic role of the AT2 receptor in atherosclerotic mice and provide novel insight in RAS-physiology.

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In the present study, we used compressive SCI in rats. Telmisartan was then used to evaluate the influence in rats after SCI. Change in PPARδ expression was identified by Western blots. Also, behavioral tests were performed to check the recovery of damage.

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We used standard methods expected by Cochrane.

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The effect of telmisartan on prostate cancer DU145 cell survival and the underlying mechanism of apoptosis involving peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) pathway were investigated. Cultured DU145 cells were treated pharmacologically with telmisartan and GSK0660 (a PPAR-delta antagonist); or by RNA interference with siRNA of PPAR-delta. The treatment effects on cell survival were evaluated with cell viability assay, life and dead cell staining and flow cytometry. Western blot analysis for PPAR-delta protein expression was also performed. The results showed that telmisartan (0-80 µm) dose-dependently reduced DU145 cell survival. Flow cytometry demonstrated cancer cell cycle arrest with increase of sub-G1 phase. GSK0660 partially but significantly restored the telmisartan-treated cell viability. Similarly, siRNA of PPAR-delta significantly reversed the telmisartan-induced apoptosis. Western blot showed that telmisartan significantly increased DU145 cell PPAR-delta protein expression. Co-incubation with siRNA of PPAR-delta inhibited the telmisartan effect of PPAR-delta up-regulation. In conclusion, telmisartan induces prostate cancer DU145 cells apoptosis through the up-regulation of PPAR-delta protein expression. Pharmacological inhibition or genetic silencing of PPAR-delta activity can both reverse the telmisartan-induced apoptotic effect. Thus the PPAR-delta pathway might be a potential target for the treatment of prostate cancer.

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In both parts of this randomized, open-label, multiple-dose, 2-part, 2-period crossover study, subjects aged 19 to 55 years were enrolled. In part 1, each subject received rosuvastatin 20 mg with and without 2 fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablets of telmisartan/amlodipine 40/5 mg, once daily for 9 consecutive days. In part 2, each subject received 2 FDC tablets of telmisartan/amlodipine 40/5 mg with and without rosuvastatin 20 mg, once daily for 9 consecutive days. In both parts, there was a 13-day washout period between treatments. Pharmacokinetic samples were collected up to 72 hours after the last dose in subjects who received rosuvastatin only, and up to 144 hours after the last dose in subjects who received telmisartan/amlodipine with or without rosuvastatin. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed via interviews and physical examinations.

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The primary outcome occurred in 1,938 (20.2%) diabetic patients and in 2,276 (14.2%) nondiabetic patients. Compared with nondiabetic patients, diabetic patients had a significantly higher risk for the primary endpoint (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.38 to 1.57) and CV death (HR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.42 to 1.71); myocardial infarction (HR: 1.30 (95% CI: 1.17 to 1.46); stroke (HR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.23 to 1.56); and congestive heart failure hospitalization (HR: 2.06; 95% CI: 1.82 to 2.32). The CV risk was significantly higher in diabetic than in nondiabetic patients regardless of the systolic BP changes during treatment. In both diabetic and nondiabetic patients, progressively greater systolic BP reductions were accompanied by reduced risk for the primary outcome only if baseline systolic BP levels ranged from 143 to 155 mm Hg; except for stroke, there was no benefit in fatal or nonfatal CV outcomes by reducing systolic BP below 130 mm Hg.

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Treatment with sartans led to a reduction in BP in both groups, daytime BPs/BPd declined by 11.5/9.0 mm Hg in group A and by 13.8/8.1 mm Hg in group B, respectively, and night time BP declined by 5.7/5.1 mm Hg in group A compared to 7.4/3.89 mm Hg in group B. Aortal pulse wave velocity declined by 1.94 m/s in group A (p < 0.001) and by 0.46 m/s in group B (p < 0.001), respectively.

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Current guidelines recommend low dietary salt intake (LDS) in patients with diabetes to reduce blood pressure (BP). However, low salt intake has been associated with higher mortality rates in people with diabetes. Our aim is to examine the effect of angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), telmisartan, with and without dietary sodium chloride (NaCl) supplementation, on BP [mean arterial pressure (MAP)], plasma renin activity (PRA), serum aldosterone level and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (RCT), 28 patients with type 2 diabetes, treated with telmisartan (40 mg daily), received 2 weeks of placebo or NaCl capsules (100 mmol/24 h). Following a 6-week washout, the protocol was repeated in reverse. Twenty-four-hour urinary sodium excretion (24hUNa), ambulatory BP (ABP) monitoring and blood tests were performed before and after each study phase. The telmisartan-associated increase in PRA was blunted by approximately 50% during salt supplementation compared with placebo; median PRA was 2.3 μg/l/h with placebo compared with 1.7 μg/l/h with salt (P<0.001). A trend towards blunting of ARB induced increases in serum aldosterone was also demonstrated. Salt supplementation significantly reduced the MAP lowering effects of telmisartan (P<0.05). The present study demonstrates that salt supplementation blunts the telmisartan induced increase in PRA in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Nephrotoxicity is a major adverse effect of the widely used anticancer drug cisplatin. Oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis are implicated in the pathophysiology of cisplatin-induced acute renal injury. Moreover, cisplatin activates many signal transduction pathways involved in cell injury and death, particularly mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. With this background, we aimed to investigate the protective effect of telmisartan, a widely used antihypertensive drug, in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity model in rats. To accomplish this, male albino wistar rats (150-200 g) were divided into 6 groups: Normal, cisplatin-control, telmisartan (2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg) and telmisartan per se treatment groups. Normal saline or telmisartan was administered orally to rats for 10 days and cisplatin was given on 7th day (8 mg/kg; i.p.) to induce nephrotoxicity. On 10th day, rats were killed and both the kidneys were harvested for biochemical, histopathological and molecular studies. Cisplatin injected rats showed depressed renal function, altered proxidant-antioxidant balance and acute tubular necrosis which was significantly normalized by telmisartan co-treatment. Furthermore, cisplatin administration activated MAPK pathway that caused tubular inflammation and apoptosis in rats. Telmisartan treatment significantly prevented MAPK mediated inflammation and apoptosis. Among the three doses studied telmisartan at 10 mg/kg dose showed maximum nephroprotective effect which could be due to maintenance of cellular redox status and inhibition of MAPK activation.

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Sixty male eNOS knockout C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups after receiving intraperitoneal highdose streptozotocin: telmisartan (1 mg/kg), linagliptin (3 mg/kg), linagliptin + telmisartan (3 mg/kg + 1 mg/kg) and vehicle. Fourteen mice were used as non-diabetic controls.

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The metabolic syndrome is a common precursor of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes that is characterized by the clustering of insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and increased blood pressure. In humans, mutations in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) have been reported to cause the full-blown metabolic syndrome, and drugs that activate PPARgamma have proven to be effective agents for the prevention and treatment of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Here we report that telmisartan, a structurally unique angiotensin II receptor antagonist used for the treatment of hypertension, can function as a partial agonist of PPARgamma; influence the expression of PPARgamma target genes involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; and reduce glucose, insulin, and triglyceride levels in rats fed a high-fat, high-carbohydrate diet. None of the other commercially available angiotensin II receptor antagonists appeared to activate PPARgamma when tested at concentrations typically achieved in plasma with conventional oral dosing. In contrast to ordinary antihypertensive and antidiabetic agents, molecules that can simultaneously block the angiotensin II receptor and activate PPARgamma have the potential to treat both hemodynamic and biochemical features of the metabolic syndrome and could provide unique opportunities for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in high-risk populations.

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micardis drug class 2017-02-06

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) vs lisinopril/HCTZ combination on ambulatory blood pressure and cognitive function in elderly hypertensive patients. A total of 160 patients, 76 men and 84 buy micardis women, aged 61-75 years, with sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP)>90 mmHg and <110 mmHg and systolic blood pressure (SBP)>140 mmHg were randomized to receive temisartan 80 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg o.d. or lisinopril 20 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg o.d. for 24 weeks, according to a prospective, open-label, blinded end point, parallel-group design. At the end of a 2-week wash-out period and after 12 and 24 weeks of active treatment, 24-h noninvasive ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) was performed and cognitive function was evaluated through six different tests (verbal fluency, Boston naming test, word-list memory, word-list recall, word-list recognition and Trails B). Both treatments significantly reduced ambulatory BP. However, the telmisartan/HCTZ combination produced a greater reduction in 24-h, day-time and night time ABPM values. Lisinopril/HCTZ did not induce significant changes in any of the cognitive function test scores at any time of the study, whereas at both 12 and 24 weeks telmisartan/HCTZ significantly improved the word-list memory score (+17.1 and +15.7%, respectively, P<0.05 vs baseline), the word-list recall score (+13.5 and +16.9%, P<0.05) and the Trails B score (-33 and -30.5%, P<0.05). These results suggest that in elderly hypertensive patients treatment with telmisartan/HCTZ produces a slightly greater reduction in ambulatory BP than lisinopril/HCTZ combination and, unlike this latter, improves some of the components of cognitive function, particularly episodic memory and visuospatial abilities.

micardis online 2016-12-28

Male Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima buy micardis Fatty rats, 8-week-old, were divided into four groups as follows: valsartan (V) group (10 mg/kg, n = 12), telmisartan (T) group (5 mg/kg, n = 12), amlodipine (A) group (2 mg/kg, n = 12), and control (C) group (n = 12). Each drug was mixed with chow and given for 16 weeks.

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Recent experimental data buy micardis suggest that certain angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonists may possess anticonvulsant activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two ACE inhibitors, captopril and enalapril, and two AT1 receptor antagonists, losartan and telmisartan, on the protective action of gabapentin in the maximal electroshock seizure threshold test in mice. Additionally, the effects of the combined treatment with gabapentin and antihypertensive drugs on memory retention in the passive avoidance task and motor coordination in the chimney test were assessed. All drugs were injected intraperitoneally. Losartan (50mg/kg) significantly increased the convulsive threshold for gabapentin. The other antihypertensive drugs, captopril (50mg/kg), enalapril (30 mg/kg) and telmisartan (30 mg/kg), did not affect the anticonvulsant activity of gabapentin. The observed interaction between gabapentin and losartan could be pharmacokinetic in nature. Losartan increased plasma and total brain concentrations of gabapentin. In the chimney test, losartan (50mg/kg) administered with gabapentin (50mg/kg) caused motor impairment. In the passive avoidance test, memory retention was not affected by the combined treatment with gabapentin and antihypertensive drugs. It is suggested that the use of captopril, enalapril and telmisartan in epileptic patients receiving gabapentin is presumed neutral upon its anticonvulsant action. The utmost caution is advised when combining losartan and gabapentin in clinical practice due to the appearance of pharmacokinetic interactions between losartan and gabapentin as well as motor impairment evoked by these drugs in mice.

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DHPEE is a newly synthesized compound by buy micardis merging the key structural elements in an angiotensin receptor blocker (Telmisartan) with key structural elements in 1,4- dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (Nifedipine). In this study, we examined dual calcium channel blocking and AT1 antagonist activity for DHPEE.

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An overview of the published data regarding the pharmacokinetic properties of telmisartan as well as a summary of the buy micardis results from selected small exploratory and large clinical outcome trials involving telmisartan.

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The CD feeding induced obesity, hyperphagia, hyperlipidaemia, and leptin and insulin resistance. Telmisartan reduced the CD-induced increase in body weight and abdominal fat mass. Whereas energy intake was higher rather than lower, the respiratory ratio was lower. After telmisartan, leptin-induced energy intake was reduced and respiratory ratio was increased compared with C(CD) rats. Telmisartan also decreased plasma levels of triglycerides, free fatty acids and low-density lipoprotein. Amlodipine alone or the combination telmisartan + amlodipine did not affect body weight and eating behaviour. Telmisartan, but not amlodipine and telmisartan + amlodipine, improved glucose utilization. The decrease in BP reduction buy micardis was almost the same in all treatment groups.

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Two hundred and forty cases of glomerular pathological proteinuria were divided into a combined therapy of acupuncture and medicine group (combined therapy group), a medicine group I and a medicine group II, 80 cases in each group. In combined therapy group, Pishu (BL 20) and Zhishi (BL 52) were punctured by heat-producing needling; Terazosin Hydrochloride, Bisoprolol Fumarate tablets or compound Reserpinum Triamterene tablet were applied with oral administration when accompanied by high buy micardis blood pressure, to control the blood pressure within 130/80 mmHg. In medicine group I , Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone system (RAAS) interruption method was applied to control blood pressure; Benazepril Hydrochloride and Telmisartan were applied with oral administration to keep blood pressure in satisfying level, below 125-130/75-80 mmHg. In medicine group II, placebo was orally taken, and the medicine therapy which was same as that in combined therapy group was applied when accompanied by high blood pressure. Quality low protein and low salt and fat diet were applied in all groups. The Chinese medicine syndrome score, laboratory indices and curative effect were observed in all groups before and after treatment.

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Combined therapy of Telmisartan and omega 3-fatty acids attenuated VED, by activating enzyme nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) through opening of buy micardis ATP-sensitive K(+) channels.

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The anorexigenic and cardiovascular effects of tesofensine were studied simultaneously in telemetrized conscious rats in a combined real-time food intake and cardiovascular telemetry buy micardis monitoring system.

micardis 70 mg 2015-12-03

The effect of the AT1-receptor antagonists losartan, irbesartan, and telmisartan on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced facilitation of noradrenergic neurotransmission was investigated in the isolated rat mesenteric artery under isometric conditions. Electrical field stimulation (2, 4, and 8 Hz) caused a frequency-dependent increase of contractile force. At stimulation frequencies of 2, 4, and 8 Hz, Ang 11 (10 nM) increased the stimulation-induced vasoconstrictor responses by a factor 4.8 +/- 0.9, 2.9 +/- 0.7, and 1.3 +/- 0.1, respectively (p < 0.05 compared with control for all frequencies). The enhancement could be concentration-dependently antagonized by losartan (1 nM-1 microM), irbesartan (0.1 nM-0.1 microM), and telmisartan (0.01 nM-0.01 microM). At a stimulation frequency of 2 Hz, the relation between stimulation-induced vasoconstrictor responses (in presence of Ang II 10 nM) and the concentration of the AT1-antagonists used could be described by linear regression. The order of potency concerning sympathoinhibition was telmisartan > irbesartan > losartan (p < 0.05 between linear regression lines). Contractile responses to exogenous noradrenaline were unaltered in the presence of Ang II 10 nM. We conclude that the facilitating effect of Ang II on noradrenergic neurotransmission is mediated buy micardis by presynaptically located AT1-receptors. Conversely, this facilitating effect can be dose-dependently counteracted by blockade of these receptors. Sympathoinhibitory properties are likely to contribute to the therapeutic effect of AT1-blockers, in particular in conditions in which the sympathetic nervous system is activated, such as congestive heart failure and hypertension.

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The blood pressure measured by the patient at buy micardis home in the morning has a mean value of 129.7/79.1 mmHg, significantly less than 135/85 mmHg (P < 10(-1)), and it is reduced by 31.9/13.5 mmHg (P < 10(-5)). At the physician's office, the reduction is 34.8/16 mmHg (P < 10(-4)). Heart rate is decreased by 4.7+/-0.5 bpm (P < 10(-5)). The drug was well tolerated.

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In the phase II, the LV mass index and isovolumic relaxation time were lower, the peak systolic and early diastolic buy micardis mitral annular motion velocities were greater compared to the phase I. The stiffness β and mean IMT were lower in the phase II than in the phase I. On multivariate regression analyses, age, BP, and LV diastolic variables emerged as stronger predictors of carotid arterial IMT and stiffness β.

micardis plus generic 2015-03-25

This paper aims at comparing two meta-analyses of clinical trials having investigated the effect of the inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system either with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or with a selective angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) on the incidence of new cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus in subjects buy micardis with arterial hypertension or with congestive heart failure. The protection appears similar with ACEIs in six trials in a total of 24.623 patients (hazard ratio: 0.77; CI 95% 0.72-0.81; p < 0.00001 and with ARBs in five trials in a total of 14.344 patients (hazard ratio: 0.79; CI 95% 0.73-0.85; p < 0.00001). It is consistent whatever the comparator, a thiazide diuretic agent, a beta-blocker, a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker or a placebo. The large ongoing ONTARGET controlled study will allow a direct comparison between an ACEI, ramipril, and an ARB, telmisartan, and will also investigate the potential benefit of a combined treatment with both drugs. The inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system should be considered among pharmacological strategies of prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

micardis 20 mg 2016-02-16

This study comprised 2 separate parts, A and B; each was a multiple-dose, open-label, 2-sequence, 2-period, crossover study in healthy male Korean volunteers. In part A, volunteers were administered 80 mg of telmisartan, either alone or with 5 mg of S-amlodipine. In part B, volunteers were administered 5 mg of S-amlodipine, either alone or with 80 mg of telmisartan. Blood samples were taken on days 9 and 37, following the final dose of each treatment, and at 0 (predose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours after administration in part A, and were taken at 0 (predose), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12 Luvox Brand Name , 14, and 24 hours after administration in part B. Plasma concentrations were determined using LC-MS/MS. The pharmacokinetic properties of each drug after coadministration of telmisartan and S-amlodipine were compared with those of each drug administered alone. Tolerability was assessed using measurements of vital signs, clinical chemistry tests, and interviews.

micardis medication 2015-03-27

Among the 1,281 patients with incident cancer and 5,104 controls, 333 (26.0%) and 1,341 (26.3%), respectively, received ARBs (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.85 to 1.14). There was no statistically significant association between Crestor Generic Name the effect of ARBs as a class and cancer incidence after adjustment for covariates (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.80 to 1.10). Among the individual ARBs, losartan decreased the risk (OR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.63 to 0.97) and candesartan (OR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.05 to 3.06) and telmisartan (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 0.97 to 2.43) possibly increased the risk of occurrence of malignancy.

micardis hct dosage 2015-03-15

Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes organ dysfunction and increases the sensitivity of organs to damages.To test this hypothesis, we used renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) experiment to evaluate the renoprotective activity of telmisartan versus pioglitazone on Feldene 20mg Dosage I/R induced renal damage in diabetic rats.

micardis user reviews 2017-05-20

A poly (methacrylic acid-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, MAA-EGDMA) monolithic capillary was used for the in-tube solid-phase microextraction (in-tube SPME) of several angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARA-IIs) from human plasma and urine. Under the optimized extraction condition, the protein component of the biological sample was flushed through the monolithic capillary, while the analytes were successfully trapped. Coupled to HPLC with fluorescence detection, this on-line in-tube SPME method was successfully applied for the determination of candesartan, losartan, irbesartan, valsartan, telmisartan, and their detection limits were found to be 0.1-15.3ng/mL and 0.1-15.2ng/mL in human plasma and urine, respectively. The method was linear over the range of 0.5- Elavil 25mg Reviews 200ng/mL for telmisartan, 5-2000ng/mL for candesartan and irbesartan, 10-2000ng/mL for valsartan, and 50-5000ng/mL for losartan with correlation coefficients being above 0.9985 in plasma sample and above 0.9994 in urine sample. The method reproducibility was evaluated at three concentration levels, resulting in the R.S.D. <7%. The poly (MAA-EGDMA) monolithic capillary was demonstrated to be robust and biocompatible by using direct injections of biological samples.

dosage micardis plus 2016-12-11

Telmisartan (TM), an angiotensin II receptor I (AT1) blocker, has been reported to have agonist property with respect to PPAR-γ. Activation of PPAR-γ receptor by TM attenuated the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mediated TLR4 central downstream inflammatory responses. However, the missing link between PPAR-γ and TLR4 signaling with TM stimulation has not been clarified. Hence, the present study has been designed to evaluate the molecular mechanism involving PPARγ-TLR4 signaling with TM stimulation in LPS induced inflammatory model. LPS was administered in rats through ICV and the rats were treated with either PPAR-γ antagonist GW9662 (GW) or TM or both. After 14days of LPS administration, the rats were subjected to behavioral tests and their brains were isolated for blotting techniques. The protein study includes NF-κB, PPAR-γ receptors, and their downstream proteins (MyD88 & SARM). The pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) levels were measured by ELISA and cresyl violet staining in the hippocampus region to measure the neuroprotective activity. Results have shown that TM significantly increased the motor co-ordination, cognitive functions, and activated SARM and PPAR-γ protein levels. Also, TM treatment decreased the NF-κB, MyD88 activation, and cytokines release in LPS rats. The co-administration of GW attenuated the TM responses in the parameters studied except cognitive functions. TM (10mg/kg) has significantly reduced the LPS mediated inflammatory responses. This resulted in effective regeneration of hippocampal neurons as observed by cresyl violet staining. It can be concluded that the activation of PPAR-γ receptors may increase the SARM and decrease the MyD88 and NF-κB Abilify 20 Mg expression. This negative regulation of SARM dependent inflammation control could be a possible mechanism for TM anti-neuroinflammatory activity. This study of TM in neuro-inflammatory model may further confirm the dual activities of TM that controls hypertension and cognition through AT1 blockade and also attenuates neuro-inflammation via PPAR-γ agonistic property.

micardis overdose symptoms 2015-10-26

A total of 77 patients were randomized and received at least 1 dose of study medication (placebo, n = 16; low-dose telmisartan, n = 30; high-dose telmisartan, n = 31). Adjusted mean changes (standard errors) in SBP from baseline to study end were -6 (2. Prevacid Generic Name 4), -14 (1.7), and -9.7 (1.7) mm Hg, respectively, in the placebo, high-dose telmisartan, and low-dose telmisartan groups.

micardis missed dose 2015-06-20

Telmisartan has a specific ability to partially activate receptors stimulating proliferation Plavix Tablets of peroxisomes and improve regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, to reduce body mass.

micardis generic launch 2016-03-17

Hypertension is the most prevalent and potentially modifiable risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). In a previous secondary prevention study, the authors observed that the angiotensin II receptor blocker telmisartan was more effective than the calcium channel blocker amlodipine in preventing AF relapse in hypertensive patients Periactin Tab with normal atrial size.

micardis hct reviews 2017-07-24

Hypertension means a basic public health problem in many countries in the world. The therapeutic attempts of the last years did not fulfill the hopes pinned on them, and most of the patients live with blood pressure above the goal value. This is why there is a need for new, more efficient antihypertensive drugs. On the 1st of July, Allegra And Alcohol 2001 irbesartan (Aprovel) was introduced in practice in Hungary. The drug belongs to the family of the angiotensin II receptor inhibitors. Several clinical studies were made with irbesartan in order to evaluate its efficiency, tolerability and safety. In other studies it was compared with other antihypertensive treatments and it was found that irbesartan decreases the systolic and diastolic blood pressure as effectively as other first line medicaments. The author summarizes the most important characteristics of irbesartan as well as the results of those clinical studies which show evidence that irbesartan deserves a special place among antihypertensive drugs.

micardis patient reviews 2016-11-10

To evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of ramipril 5mg Astelin Patient Reviews plus hydrochlorothiazide 12.5mg (R + HCTZ), telmisartan 40mg plus hydrochlorothiazide12.5mg (T + HCTZ) and ramipril 2.5mg plus telmisartan 20mg plus hydrochlorothiazide12.5mg (R + T + HCTZ) in patients with stage 2 hypertension.

micardis generic release 2016-04-02

Kidney disease remains a major comorbidity of HIV infection especially in subjects of African ethnicity. HIV-associated renal disease with overt proteinuria has been associated with poorer outcomes and increased mortality. Telmisartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker partial agonist of the PPAR-? approved for the treatment of hypertension, seems to exert a nephro-protective effect independent of blood pressure reduction in the general population. But data are lacking in HIV-positive patients with proteinuria. A case is described of an HIV-positive African patient with severe proteinuria treated with telmisartan. This therapy allowed proteinuria to be improved. This case shows for the first time that therapy with telmisartan has renoprotective effects also in an African HIV-infected patient.

micardis generic availability 2017-08-14

Total number of 180 patients were divided into two treatment groups (i.e., telmisaran and atenolol). Forty percent were male and 60% were female. Majority of the patients were of age group 56-75 years. Telmisartan reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure significantly compared to atenolol at the end of 8 weeks of treatment (p = 0.000 and 0.016 respectively).

micardis 5 mg 2016-07-07

Chronic treatment with angiotensin receptor blockers is largely accepted for protecting cerebral circulation during hypertension, but beneficial effects of short-term treatments are questionable, as highlighted by the recent SCAST trial. We compared the impact of 10 days treatment with candesartan (as SCAST) versus telmisartan (previously described to reverse arteriolar remodeling, chronic treatment) on pial arterioles of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We explored whether PPAR-gamma agonist activity or AT(1) receptor blockade are involved in their differential effects. In the first study, 4-month-old male SHR were treated with telmisartan (TELMI, 2 mg/kg per day) or candesartan cilexetil (CANDE, 10 mg/kg per day) and compared to vehicle treated SHR and normotensive WKY. In a second study, SHR were treated with CANDE, pioglitazone (a PPAR-gamma agonist, PIO 2.5 mg/kg per day) or CANDE+PIO, compared to TELMI. Internal diameter of pial arterioles (ID, cranial window) was measured at baseline, during hemorrhage-induced hypotension, or following suffusion of Ang II (10(-6) mol/L) or EDTA inactivation of smooth muscle cells (passive ID). PPAR-gamma and eNOS (target gene of PPAR-gamma) mRNA were evaluated in brain microvessels. For similar antihypertensive effects, TELMI (+44% versus SHR), but not CANDE, increased baseline ID. During hemorrhage, ID in TELMI group was similar to WKY, while ID in SHR and CANDE remained lower. In the second study, TELMI (+36%, versus SHR) and CANDE+PIO (+43%) increased baseline ID, but not CANDE or PIO alone. TELMI (-66%) and CANDE+PIO (-69%), but neither CANDE nor PIO alone, decreased Ang II-induced vasoconstriction. CANDE+PIO, but not CANDE, increased passive ID. In both studies, PPAR-gamma and eNOS expressions were higher in TELMI than CANDE. Short-term treatment with TELMI, but not with CANDE, reverses narrowing of pial arteriolar ID in SHR. This may involve PPAR-gamma related mechanisms, since CANDE+PIO treatment induced similar effects, and a better blockade of AT(1) receptors.

micardis y alcohol 2017-09-11

The prospective, open, randomized controlled clinical trial (n = 700) will compare Triple Pill-based strategy to usual care among individuals with persistent mild-to-moderate hypertension (systolic BP >140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP >90 mm Hg, or systolic BP >130 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP >80 mm Hg in patients with diabetes or chronic kidney disease) on no or minimal drug therapy. The study will be conducted within approximately 20 hospital-based clinics in India. Participants will be randomized to the Triple Pill (initially strength 1-telmisartan 20 mg, amlodipine 2.5 mg, hydrochlorothiazide 6.25 mg, with the option of subsequent titration to strength 2-telmisartan 40 mg, amlodipine 5 mg, hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg) or continued usual care. Participants will be followed up for 6 months. The primary outcome is the proportion of participants achieving target BP at the end follow-up.