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Our findings suggested that ZGPs and YGPs exerted neuroprotective effects by downregulation of NogoA, NgR, and RhoA pathways, with differences in response times and targets observed between ZGPs and YGPs.
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Interstitial lung disease (ILD) as part of systemic sclerosis (SS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality.
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We report a case of a 71-year-old man presenting with erythematous plaques in predominantly sun-exposed areas.
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The IL-2RAs basiliximab and daclizumab possess several characteristics of ideal maintenance immunosuppressive agents (ie, nondepleting, long half-lives, limited adverse events). Based on a MEDLINE search (through December 31, 2010) using the search terms basiliximab, daclizumab, organ transplant, immunosuppression, and/or maintenance immunosuppression, and an advanced search in the published abstracts from the American Transplant Congress and World Transplant Congress (2000-2010), it appears that IL-2RAs have been used successfully as short-term therapy in both renal and extrarenal transplant recipients to allow for renal recovery following CNI-induced nephrotoxicity. In heart transplant recipients, the IL-2RAs have been used for <24 months as maintenance immunosuppression in patients intolerant of CNIs or sirolimus.
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We recommend bortezomib-containing regimens for NDMM with single or double-positive Bcl-2 and survivin expression.
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Data of two patients diagnosed as APDS at Second Department of Respiratory Medicine of Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University in 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Pathogenetic genes were screened by whole exome sequencing, and identified by first generation sequencing. The identified pathogenetic genes were further verified in patients' parents. Then the gene sequencing results were analyzed.
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Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are aggressive tumors of mature B cells that are distinguished by a combination of histomorphological, phenotypic, and genetic features. A subset of B-cell lymphomas, however, has one or more characteristics that overlap BL and DLBCL, and are categorized as B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable, with features intermediate between BL and DLBCL (BCL-U). Molecular analyses support the concept that there is a biological continuum between BL and DLBCL that includes variable activity of MYC, an oncoprotein once thought to be only associated with BL, but now recognized as a major predictor of survival among patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone). We tested whether a targeted expression profiling panel could be used to categorize tumors as BL and DLBCL, resolve the molecular heterogeneity of BCL-U, and capture MYC activity using RNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens. A diagnostic molecular classifier accurately predicted pathological diagnoses of BL and DLBCL, and provided more objective subclassification for a subset of BCL-U and genetic double-hit lymphomas as molecular BL or DLBCL. A molecular classifier of MYC activity correlated with MYC IHC and stratified patients with primary DLBCL treated with R-CHOP into high- and low-risk groups. These results establish a framework for classifying and stratifying MYC-driven, aggressive, B-cell lymphomas on the basis of quantitative molecular profiling that is applicable to fixed biopsy specimens.
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Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is an unusual and rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by lymphomatous effusion of pleural, pericardial or peritoneal cavities without lymphadenopathy or organomegaly. It is associated with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) and occurs most often in immunodeficient patients. We present a case of PEL in a 69-year-old male presenting with pleural effusion and ascites. Fluid aspiration showed a monomorphic population of atypical lymphoid cells, which were medium- to large-sized, with mono- or binucleated hyperchromatic nuclei and a small to moderate amount of basophilic cytoplasm containing cytoplasmic vesicles. Immunohistochemically, the lymphoid cells expressed CD138 and multiple myeloma oncogene 1, were positive for HHV-8, and were monoclonal for immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement. They were negative for Epstein-Barr virus by in situ hybridization. Unfortunately, the patient died during the first course of chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisone.
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This review will focus on new information obtained on how to apply glucocorticoids in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, aiming at an optimal risk-benefit ratio. Moreover, advances in the development of new preparations such as liposomal glucocorticoids will be discussed.
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Rituximab has been associated with the development of late-onset neutropenia (LON). As only heterogeneous studies have been conducted, its incidence and clinical course remain unclear. We aim to: (1) study the incidence and clinical relevance of WHO grade 3/4 LON in a uniform group of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in complete remission following curative rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (RCHOP) chemotherapy; (2) ascertain predictive factors for LON. The 121 eligible patients identified from our prospectively maintained database were followed up for occurrence of WHO grade 3/4 LON. The clinical course of LON was documented, and its relationship with patient- and tumor-related factors was analyzed. With a median follow-up of 883 days (range, 265-1762), 13.2% had developed LON of grade 3/4. The median time to neutrophil nadir was 129 days (range, 39-277). The median time to recovery was 69 days (range, 3-349) and occurred in all except two patients. Only one episode of nonlife threatening bacterial culture-positive urinary tract infection and pulmonary tuberculosis, both occurring in the same patient was documented. Results of Fischer's exact test revealed that age, stage, LDH level, ECOG, marrow involvement, and hematologic parameters did not predict for LON development. WHO grade 3/4 LON is not infrequent in patients with DLBCL receiving RCHOP. Even so, it is reassuring that LON is self-limiting and unassociated with life-threatening infection. A watchful waiting approach is appropriate in majority of patients who develop LON following RCHOP. Am. J. Hematol., 2009. (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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This randomised phase II study compared the activity and safety of the combination docetaxel (D)/epirubicin (EPI) with the conventional treatment D/prednisone (P) in advanced castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients.
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Physical therapy appears to be effective only in the more severe BP (baseline HB grade V/VI), whereas less severe BP (baseline HB grade IV) results in complete spontaneous recovery, regardless of physical therapy.
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Our case involves a rare presentation of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) inconsistent with any of the four clinical variants of PG and characterized histologically by the presence of deep granulomas in the dermis and hypodermis. Despite the atypical clinical presentation and unusual histopathological findings, PG seemed the most likely diagnosis after infectious diseases had been ruled out; the good outcome achieved with oral corticosteroids supported our diagnosis.
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pENL, constituted 12.4% (100/802) of all NHL studied during this period. Median age of the patients was 56 years (range 17-87 years) and the male: female distribution was 3:2. Eighty-five of 100 patients (85%) were in stage I/II, 9/100 (9%) in stage III, whereas 6/100 (6%) were in stage IV. Head and neck constituted the most common site (51/100, 51%), followed by gastrointestinal tract (GIL) (37/100, 37%), and cerebrum (CL) (5/100, 5%). Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common histological type, observed in 53% of patients, followed by marginal zone extranodal lymphoma (13%). Most of patients (76%) received a CHOP containing regimen. Complete remission (CR) were achieved in 71% of patients. The median follow-up duration of all patients was reported as 37.6 months (range, 0.8-165 months). This period was reported as 137.5 months (range, 117.5- 1578.6 months) in gastrointestinal lymphoma (GIL) patients, 119.0 months (range, 91.8-146.1 months) in head and neck lymphoma (HNL) patients, and 18.4 months (range, 12.6-24.1 months) in cerebral lymphoma (CL) patients.
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A 30-year-old woman presented with immediate vision loss in her left eye after direct inadvertent exposure to a single discharge from an occupational 750-nm Alexandrite laser used for laser hair removal. Baseline Snellen visual acuity was 20/40 in the involved left eye. One week after the initial exposure, the patient experienced subjective visual decline to 20/50, was treated with oral prednisone, and then developed a subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) in the setting of choroidal neovascularization 2 weeks later, or 3 weeks after initial trauma. The patient subsequently received 5 intravitreal ranibizumab injections over 25 weeks with resolution of the SRH. Final visual acuity was 20/50.
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is characterized by myotonia (90% of affected individuals) and muscle dysfunction (weakness, pain, and stiffness) (82%), and less commonly by cardiac conduction defects, iridescent posterior subcapsular cataracts, insulin-insensitive type 2 diabetes mellitus, and testicular failure. Although myotonia (involuntary muscle contraction with delayed relaxation) has been reported during the first decade, onset is typically in the third decade, most commonly with fluctuating or episodic muscle pain that can be debilitating and weakness of the neck flexors and finger flexors. Subsequently, weakness occurs in the elbow extensors and the hip flexors and extensors. Facial weakness and weakness of the ankle dorsiflexors are less common. Myotonia rarely causes severe symptoms.
Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial. Power analysis recommended 198 participants.
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Using health plan data from 2006 through 2014, RA patients without prior GI perforation were identified. Those in whom treatment with tofacitinib or a biologic agent was being initiated were followed up for incident GI perforation with hospitalization. Crude incidence rates were calculated by exposure. Adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between GI perforation and exposures. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated.
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Prednisone and either tacrolimus (n = 42) or intravenous cyclophosphamide (n = 39) for 6 months. Tacrolimus was started at 0.05 mg/kg/d and titrated to achieve a trough blood concentration of 5-10 ng/mL. Intravenous cyclophosphamide was initiated at 750 mg/m² of body surface area, then adjusted to 500-1,000 mg/m² every 4 weeks for a total of 6 pulse treatments.
Hospitalization with fever within 6 months of allograft failure was common, occurring in 44% of patients overall. However, among febrile hospitalized patients who had been weaned off of immunosuppression before admission, only 38% had documented infection. In contrast, 88% of patients maintained on immunosuppression had documented infection (P<0.001). In both groups, dialysis catheter-related infections were the most common infection source. Allograft nephrectomy was performed in 81% of hospitalized patients with no infection, compared to 30% of patients with documented infection (P<0.001). Mortality risk was significantly higher in patients with concurrent pancreas transplants or who were hospitalized with documented infection.
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Women (18-40 years) were randomly assigned either to receive daily OC or monthly GnRH-a during escalated combination therapy with bleomycin, etoposide, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (BEACOPPesc). Hormonal levels were determined at baseline, during therapy, and at follow-up.
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Fifteen academically based otology practices.