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No significant changes in OTM measurements and optical density were observed in vehicle-receiving animals during the study (P=0.994). OTM was significantly increased after six weeks pantoprazole therapy which continued until the 7(th) week of the experiment (P=0.007). Optical density significantly increased in the pantoprazole-treated rats after six weeks.
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Maintenance dose esomeprazole 20mg provided greater acid control and maintained intragastric pH >4 for a longer period of time than maintenance dose lansoprazole 15mg, rabeprazole 10mg and pantoprazole 20mg in healthy subjects.
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Two significant differences were found in the proton pump inhibitors compared. In gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, esomeprazole 40 mg was superior to omeprazole 20 mg (relative risk, 1.18; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-1.23). In peptic ulcer disease, pantoprazole 40 mg was superior to omeprazole 20 mg (relative risk, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.13). In Helicobacter pylori eradication, no significant differences were found.
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To evaluate whether patients with abnormal Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and Reflux Finding Score (RFS) benefit from proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy.
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Fifty-six consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 58 age- and sex-matched control patients were included in the study. H pylori infection was assessed by a rapid urease test and histopathological examination of biopsy specimens. Biopsies were also taken for antibiotic susceptibility testing. All enrolled patients were treated with triple therapy consisting of clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and pantoprazole for 14 days. C-13 urea breath test was performed 6 weeks after completing the triple therapy to assess eradication and associated point mutations using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
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Measured from the daily placebo arm, 19% of the patients terminated treatment, 33% managed with 2-6 tablets/week, 38% needed a daily dosage and 10% needed more than a daily dosage in the long run. At these final dosages, symptom control and quality of life were dosage-independent and, furthermore, equal to values of patients on fixed daily pantoprazole. A temporal decrease in well-being was seen in 24% of the patients.
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Barrett's oesophagus is regarded as the most important risk factor for development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. According to current guidelines, treatment should be limited to symptomatic Barrett's oesophagus.
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Using an intention-to-treat analysis, the cure rate in the seven-day treatment group was 54/56 (96.4%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 87.7-99.6%). In the per protocol analysis the cure rate was 53/55 (96.3%, 95% CI 87.5-99.6%). Primary metronidazole resistance was observed in seven patients. All were cured. Using an intention-to-treat analysis, the cure rate in the four-day treatment group was 51/59 (86.4%, 95% CI 75.0-94.0%). In the per protocol analysis the cure rate was 50/58 (86.2%, 95% CI 74.6-93.8%). Primary metronidazole resistance was observed in seven patients, four of whom were cured. In three out of eight patients in whom four-day treatment failed, secondary metronidazole resistance was induced. Both treatment regimens were well tolerated. The difference between cure rates of both regimens did not reach statistical significance (p=0.0585).
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Economic models provide a useful framework to evaluate PPIs in realistic clinical scenarios. Our findings show that rabeprazole is cost-effective for the treatment of GORD.
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Eicosapen is unlikely to be useful in H. pylori eradication regimens.
Gastric biopsies of 66 patients were positive for H. pylori. Only one saliva sample was H. pylori positive. At initial examination, halitosis was observed in 20 patients (30.3%) out of 66 who had gastric H. pylori infection and in only 3 patients (9.4%) out of 32 without H. pylori infection (p = 0.0236). Coated tongue was diagnosed in 18 (27.2%) patients with the infection compared to only 2 (6.25%) patients negative for gastric H. pylori (p = 0.0164). Patients with gastric infection were treated with the triple eradication therapy (Amoxicillin, Clarythromycin, Pantoprazol) and their gastric biopsies and oral status were examined 3 months later. Halitosis was significantly more prevalent in the group of patients with persistent H. pylori infection (42.1%) compared to only 6.4% of patients in the group where infection was successfully eradicated (p = 0.0012). Coated tongue was diagnosed in 47.4% of patients where H. pylori was still present after eradication therapy and in only 6.4% where eradication succeeded (p = 0.0003).
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After 4 weeks of treatment, the number of patients remaining in remission (no oesophagitis or stricture and no symptoms) was nine out of 10 (90%) in the omeprazole group, two out of 10 (20%) in the lansoprazole group (P < 0.01) and three out of 10 (30%) in the pantoprazole group (P < 0.01).
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A total of 558 patients were enrolled in this study. At the end of theacute phase, 82.1% of patients in the per-protocol (PP) population and 79.1% in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population were relieved of all GERD symptoms, and subsequently entered the long-term phase. After 24 weeks of treatment, analysis of the failure rates revealed that on-demand treatment was noninferior to continuous treatment because the 95% CI was completely below 20% (ITT, 12.1% difference [95% CI, -∞ to 18.9%]; PP, 10.1% difference [95% CI, -∞ to 17.7%]). The higher perceived mean (SD) daily symptom load in the on-demand group (ITT, 1.26 [1.491 vs 0.82 [1.341) was balanced by the reduced tablet intake in that group (PP, 0.51 [0.31 ] vs 0.97 [0.11 ] tablets/d; P < 0.001). With respect to the rate of patients unwilling to continue treatment, no statistically significant difference was observed between the on-demand and continuous groups (ITT/PP, 0.95/1.13 vs 0.95/1.26).
The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with chronic posterior laryngitis and symptoms of gastro-pharyngeal reflux benefit from a six-week therapy with pantoprozole. Twenty-nine out-patients with voice disorders (case history of at least two months) and simultaneous symptoms of gastro-pharyngeal reflux were recruited for this study. At the entry to the study a symptom questionnaire and a video-laryngo/stroboscopy were completed. The symptom questionnaire and the video-laryngo/stroboscopy were repeated after the six weeks of therapy with pantoprazole 40 mg once a day and again six weeks and three months after this follow-up, during which time the patient was without therapy. Hoarseness, globus pharyngeus, sore throat, heartburn, and coughing were the symptoms which showed a significant (p < 0.05) recovery at the follow-ups (mean of hoarseness index: 7.28 to 0.92; mean of globus pharyngeus index: 3.14 to 0.58; mean of heartburn index: 2.86 to 0.5; mean of cough index: 1.72 to 0.25; mean of throat soreness index: 1.72 to 0.15). Laryngoscopy scores of the posterior laryngeal region, the glottic and the supraglottic region showed statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05) after the treatment with pantoprazole. The therapeutic effect exceeded the drug administration until the last follow-up (after three months). The medication was tolerated without side-effects in all patients. A primary (ex juvantibus) therapy with proton pump inhibitors seems to be a therapeutic option for patients with long-lasting chronic inflammation of the larynx not responding to common therapy. In this case a six-week course of treatment has been shown to be sufficient.
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Pantoprazole therapy used at high doses is not associated with modulation of the pharmacodynamic effects of clopidogrel, irrespective of timing of drug administration.
Our data confirm the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori eradication in increasing platelet count in adult ITP patients.
Patients discharged between August 2008 and July 2009 with a diagnosis of ACS, on both clopidogrel and any PPI, were identified using the pharmacy database. Their notes were retrospectively reviewed, the indication for a PPI was checked and whether an appropriate one had been prescribed was assessed. As a result of our findings a simple algorithm was introduced to set out guidance on appropriate use and junior doctors were informed of the new procedure. We then performed another audit of patients discharged between August 2009 and February 2010 to ensure that the guidelines were being followed.
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Before treatment, the median percentage of time with intra-esophageal pH <4 was 9.3%. After 28 days of therapy with pantoprazole, this value decreased to 2.7% (P = 0.0006). The median percentage of time with intragastric pH > 3 increased from 21% at baseline to 39% on day 28 of therapy (P = 0.005). After 28 days of treatment, all patients experienced at least partial relief from reflux symptoms. Endoscopically confirmed healing of esophagitis was seen in 47% of children (Savary-Miller classification). Histologic evidence of healing was not observed. Median serum gastrin levels were slightly elevated over baseline levels (from 74 pg/ml to 93 pg/ml). In one patient there was a transient elevation of serum GOT and GPT during treatment.
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A retrospective pilot study of 107 patients in a single United States military teaching hospital was conducted over a 1-month period. Clinical data were collected and analyzed for demographic features, prior medication use, admission hemoglobin level, service prescribing the IV PPI, indication for IV PPI, IV PPI treatment duration, gastroenterology consultant use, endoscopic findings, and blood products given. Indications for use were compared with current established guidelines to determine appropriate usage.
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Despite a high prevalence of mild gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), few studies investigated efficacy and safety of proton pump inhibitors in this indication. This randomized double-blind study compares pantoprazole to ranitidine in GERD 0 and I, i.e. reflux without esophagitis or with confined lesions only.
70 consecutive patients with persistent H. pylori infection were enrolled and treated with ranitidine bismuth citrate (RBC) 400 mg b.d, esomeprazole or pantoprazole 40 mg/day, amoxycillin 1 g t.d, tinidazole 500 mg b.d. with (group A) or witlhout (group B) supplementation with 750 mg daily containing 16 billion bacteria Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei DG. Esomeprazole or pantoprazole 40 mg/day was administered for a further 4 weeks in cases of active peptic ulcer or severe gastritis detected at endoscopy. In these cases endoscopy was repeated one month after conclusion of therapy. The remaining patients were checked by 13C-urea breath test.
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The combination of aspirin and the thienopyridine clopidogrel is a cornerstone in the prevention of atherothrombotic events. These two agents act in concert to ameliorate the prothrombotic processes stimulated by plaque rupture and vessel injury complicating cardiovascular disease. Guidelines recommend the use of clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes and in those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, and the drug remains the most utilized P2Y12 receptor inhibitor despite the fact that newer antiplatelet agents are now available. In recent years, numerous studies have shown inconsistency in the efficacy of clopidogrel to prevent atherothrombotic events. Studies of platelet function testing have shown variability in the response to clopidogrel. One of the major reason for this phenomenon lies in the interaction between clopidogrel and other drugs that may affect clopidogrel absorption, metabolism, and ultimately its antiplatelet action. Importantly, these drug-drug interactions have prognostic implications, since patients with high on-treatment platelet reactivity associated with reduced clopidogrel metabolism have an increased risk of ischemia. Previous systematic reviews have focused on drug-drug interactions between clopidogrel and specific pharmacologic classes, such as proton pump inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and statins. However, more recent pieces of scientific evidence show that clopidogrel may also interact with newer drugs that are now available for the treatment of cardiovascular patients. Accordingly, the aim of this review is to highlight and discuss recent data on drug-drug interactions between clopidogrel and third-generation proton pump inhibitors, pantoprazole and lansoprazole, statins, pitavastatin, and antianginal drug, ranolazine.
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Seventy-one patients (36 females, 35 males, average age 41.9 years) from three Brazilian university centers (located in the cities of Belo Horizonte and Porto Alegre), with peptic ulcers confirmed by endoscopy, and infections by H. pylori proven by at least two diagnostic testings were admitted in the trial. An association of pantoprazole 40 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg and amoxicillin 1.0 g was administered to patients twice daily for 7 days.