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Zofran (Ondansetron)

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Generic Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy or surgery. It may also be used for other conditions.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Dexamethasone, Scopolamine, Anzemet


Also known as:  Ondansetron.


Generic Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy or surgery. It may also be used for other conditions.

Generic Zofran is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor blocker. It works by blocking a chemical thought to be a cause of nausea and vomiting in certain situations (e.g., chemotherapy).

Zofran is also known as Ondansetron, Vomiof, Danzetron, Ondaz.

Generic name of Generic Zofran is Ondansetron.

Brand name of Generic Zofran is Zofran.


Take each dose with a full glass of water.

Take Generic Zofran with food or an antacid to lessen stomach discomfort.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Zofran suddenly.


If you overdose Generic Zofran and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at temperature between 2 and 30 degrees C (36 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Generic Zofran if you are allergic to Generic Zofran components.

Be careful with Generic Zofran if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Generic Zofran should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 4 months old. Safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.

Avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Generic Zofran suddenly.

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The Authors present their experience in the use of ondansetron in 47 patients receiving 186 cycles of chemotherapy for breast or genital neoplasms.

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Nine hundred and twenty-two patients receiving general anaesthesia for major abdominal surgery were assigned to receive a single preoperative dose of oral aprepitant 40 mg, oral aprepitant 125 mg, or i.v. ondansetron 4 mg in a randomized, double-blind trial. Vomiting episodes, use of rescue therapy, and nausea severity (verbal rating scale) were documented for 48 h after surgery. Primary efficacy endpoints were complete response (no vomiting and no use of rescue therapy) 0-24 h after surgery and no vomiting 0-24 h after surgery. The secondary endpoint was no vomiting 0-48 h after surgery.

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Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is problematic in paediatric brain tumour treatment protocols which often discourage the use of corticosteroids as anti-emetics. The dopamine receptor antagonist, metopimazine, is an effective anti-emetic in combination with ondansetron in adults. The present study was designed to assess its efficacy in children with cancer, a group in which it has not been studied previously.

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Compared with placebo, ondansetron (4 microg/kg b.i.d.) was associated with significant reductions in overall craving in EOA but not LOA, presumably by ameliorating serotonergic abnormality.

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To evaluate the efficacy of antiemetic prophylaxis with ondansetron administered before major ambulatory surgery.

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Analgesic effects of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) type 3 (5-HT3) receptors may involve the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the spinal dorsal horn. However, the precise synaptic mechanisms for 5-HT3 receptor-mediated spinal analgesia are not clear. In this study, we investigated whether GABAergic neurons in the superficial dorsal horn (SDH) express functional 5-HT3 receptors and how these 5-HT3 receptors affect GABAergic inhibitory synaptic transmission in the SDH, by using slice preparations from adult glutamate decarboxylase 67-green fluorescent protein (GAD67-GFP) knock-in mice. Tight-seal whole cell recordings from GFP-positive and -negative neurons showed that 5-HT3 receptor-specific agonist 2-methyl-serotonin (2-Me-5-HT) induced inward currents in a substantial population of both GFP-positive and -negative neurons. Additionally, we confirmed expression of 5-HT3 receptors in both types of neurons by single-cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Further, GABAA receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs)-both those evoked by electrical stimulation and those occurring spontaneously in tetrodotoxin (i.e., miniature IPSCs [mIPSCs])-were recorded from GFP-negative neurons. 2-Me-5-HT increased the amplitude of the evoked IPSCs and the frequency of mIPSCs. The amplitude of mIPSCs was not affected by 2-Me-5-HT, suggesting that 5-HT augments GABAergic synaptic transmission via presynaptic mechanisms. The present observations indicate that 5-HT3 receptors are expressed on both somadendritic regions and presynaptic terminals of GABAergic neurons and regulate GABAA receptor-mediated inhibitory synaptic transmission in the SDH. Taken together, these results provide clues for the underlying mechanisms of the antinociceptive actions of 5-HT3 receptors in the spinal dorsal horn.

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Lycorine is the main alkaloid of many Amaryllidaceae and known to cause poisoning with still unknown mechanisms. Longer lasting toxicological core symptoms of nausea and emesis may become a burden for human and animal patients and may result in substantial loss of water and electrolytes. To optimise the only empirical symptomatic antiemetic drug treatment at present, it is important to elucidate the causative involved targets of lycorine-induced emesis. Therefore, in the current study, we have tested the actions of a various antiemetic drugs with selective receptor affinities on lycorine-induced nausea and emesis in vivo in dogs. Beagle dogs were pre-treated in a saline vehicle-controlled crossover and random design with diphenhydramine, maropitant, metoclopramide, ondansetron or scopolamine prior lycorine administration (2 mg/kg subcutaneously). In vivo effects were assessed by a scoring system for nausea and emesis as well as by the number and lag time of emetic events for at least 3 h. Moreover, plasma pharmacokinetic analysis was carried out for ondansetron before and after lycorine injection. The data show that histaminergic (H₁), muscarinic and dopaminergic (D₂) receptors are presumably not involved in lycorine-induced emetic effects. While ondansetron significantly reduced the number of emetic events, lycorine-induced emesis was completely blocked by maropitant. Only ondansetron also significantly decreased the level of nausea and was able to prolong the lag time until onset of emesis suggesting a preferential participation of 5-HT₃ receptors in lycorine-induced nausea. Thus, it is the first in vivo report evidencing that predominantly neurokinin-1 (NK₁) and to a lesser extent 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 (5-HT₃) receptors are involved in lycorine-induced emesis facilitating a target-oriented therapy.

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The present study, using the in vivo intracerebral microdialysis method, investigated the role of different serotonin receptor subtypes in the control of dopamine (DA) release exerted by serotonin (5-HT) in the striatum of halothane-anesthetized rats. Striatal dialysate DA content was reduced following the blockade of voltage-dependent Na+ channels by tetrodotoxin or by the removal of Ca2+ from the perfusion medium, and increased following depolarization with K+ ions. These findings demonstrate that under our experimental conditions, DA content reflects the neuronal origin of the neurotransmitter release. Drugs were locally applied by means of the microdialysis probe. One, 2.5 and 5 microM 5-HT significantly enhanced DA release in a concentration-dependent manner up to 157, 253 and 446% of basal values respectively. The effect induced by 1 microM 5-HT was not blocked by 10 microM (-)pindolol, a 5-HT1 receptor antagonist, 1 microM ketanserin or 10 microM cinanserin, both 5-HT2A antagonists. One or 10 microM ondansetron (GR 38032F), a selective 5-HT3 antagonist, were also ineffective. In contrast, 10 or 100 microM DAU 6285, a 5-HT3/4 antagonist, significantly reduced the effect of 5-HT on DA release (-20% and -60% respectively). Moreover, 100 microM BIMU 8, a selective 5-HT4 agonist, enhanced DA release (+85%) and this effect was reduced by 100 microM DAU 6285 (-40%). These results demonstrate that in vivo 5-HT exerts a facilitatory influence on striatal DA release and that the 5-HT4, but not the 5-HT1, 5-HT2 or 5-HT3, receptor subtype is implicated, at least partially, in this effect.

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Since its introduction in 1991, ondansetron has become a commonly used antiemetic in US academic medical centers. Although ondansetron is safe and effective in improving patients' tolerance of emetogenic therapies, including cancer chemotherapy, its high cost has added a significant burden to the pharmaceutical budgets of many institutions. The study data suggest that compliance with ondansetron prescribing guidelines, with elimination of indiscriminant use, could result in significant cost savings.

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We analyzed data from a prospective clinical trial performed between January 2004 and April 2005. Data were collected on 105 children with dehydration due to gastroenteritis who received an ondansetron oral disintegrating formulation. The following outcomes of efficacy were analyzed: number of vomiting episodes, volume of oral rehydration fluids consumed, percent weight gain, and the proportions of children who had ongoing vomiting, received intravenous rehydration, and were hospitalized. In addition, the number of episodes of diarrhea was evaluated to measure whether there were dose-dependent side effects.

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24-72 h after cisplatin administration, in the middle dose Armillariella tabescens group, the high dose Armillariella tabescens group and the ondansetron group, the kaolin intake was significantly lower than that in the model group, respectively (P<0.05). The most significant difference was between the high dose Armillariella tabescens group [(0.58 +/- 0.23) g/24 h] and the control group [(2.16 +/- 0.98) g/24 h] at 24 h after cisplatin administration. The variables, such as consumption of food during 48-72 h (P<0.05), water during 48-72 h (P<0.05), and body weight at 72 h (P<0.05) in the middle dose Armillariella tabescens group were significantly higher than those in the model group, but no statistically significant difference between the ondansetron group and the model group (P>0.05).

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Combinations of dopamine antagonists or high-dose metoclopramide with steroids can provide complete control of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in up to 60-70% of patients undergoing high-dose cisplatin-based chemotherapy. High-dose metoclopramide probably acts as a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, but because of its dopamine-receptor antagonism it is the cause of extrapyramidal side-effects. These compounds, and the agents used in combination with them, tend to cause sedation, an undesirable effect in the outpatient setting. Specific 5-HT3 receptor antagonists (ondansetron, granisetron, tropisetron) give a similar control of chemotherapy related nausea and vomiting, with minimum side-effects. These drugs can cause headaches and constipation and some have been related to transient liver enzyme abnormalities in cancer patients; however, disease and chemotherapy might also be the cause of the enzyme anomalies. Combinations of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists with steroids may provide a very high degree of protection.

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A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was designed to compare the relative efficacy of prophylactic ondansetron, 4 mg intravenously (IV), when administered before induction of anesthesia or at the end of surgery to an outpatient population at high risk of developing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Patients undergoing otolaryngologic surgery were randomly assigned to one of three different treatment groups: Group 1 (placebo) received saline 5 mL prior to induction of anesthesia and again at the end of surgery; Group II received ondansetron 4 mg in 5 mL prior to induction of anesthesia and saline 5 mL at the end of surgery; and Group III received saline 5 mL prior to induction of anesthesia and ondansetron 4 mg at the end of surgery. All patients received the same general anesthetic technique. A standardized regimen of rescue antiemetics was administered in the recovery room to patients with > or = 2 emetic episodes or at the patients request for persistent nausea. Episodes of nausea and vomiting, as well as the need for rescue antiemetics, were recorded for 24 h after the operation. The incidences of nausea and emesis in the recovery room after prophylactic ondansetron, 4 mg IV, administered either before induction (68% and 20%, respectively) or at the end of surgery (60% and 4%, respectively) were not significantly decreased compared to the placebo control group (80% and 12%, respectively). However, when ondansetron was administered at the end of the operation, it significantly reduced the need for rescue antiemetics in the recovery room (36% vs 64% in the control group). The postanesthesia care unit and hospital discharge times were similar in all three study groups. One patients in Group II and one patient in Group III were hospitalized because of intractable symptoms related to PONV. After discharge from the ambulatory surgery unit, the incidence of nausea, vomiting, and the need for rescue antiemetic drugs were similar in all three treatment groups. In conclusion, ondansetron (4 mg IV) was more effective in reducing the need for rescue antiemetics in the recovery room when administered at the end versus prior to the start of otolaryngologic surgery. Therefore, when ondansetron is used for antiemetic prophylaxis in outpatients undergoing otolaryngologic procedures, it should be administered at the end of the operation rather than prior to induction of anesthesia.

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In this study we tested the hypothesis that tapentadol inhibits GGRP release from the rat brainstem through a mechanism mediated by the inhibition of NA reuptake; as a second alternative hypothesis, we investigated whether tapentadol inhibits GGRP release via the inhibition of 5-HT reuptake.

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The incidences of nausea and vomiting in ondansetron group(33.3% and 26.7%) were significantly lower than those in placebo group(73.3% and 66.7%) (P < 0.05). Administration of ondansetron had no obvious effect on the mean arterial pressure, SpO2, and respiratory frequency.

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In the murine colon, local RAS may play a significant role in the control of contractile activity. Ang II positively modulates the spontaneous contractile activity via activation of post-junctional and pre-junctional AT(1A) receptors, the latter located on the enteric neurones, modulating the release of tachykinins and acetylcholine.

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The 5-HT3 receptor antagonist tropisetron (ICS 205-930) was found to be a potent and selective partial agonist at alpha7 nicotinic receptors. Two other 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, ondansetron and LY-278,584, were found to lack high affinity at the alpha7 nicotinic receptor. Quinuclidine analogues (1 and 2) of tropisetron were also found to be potent and selective partial agonists at alpha7 nicotinic receptors.

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For effective postoperative antiemetic management in pediatric moyamoya disease patients receiving fentanyl based postoperative analgesia, a multimodal approach has been recommended. The uncertain efficacy of ondansetron for pediatric neurosurgical patients or the possible antiemetic effect of small dose of propofol motivated us to evaluate the preventive effect of a subhypnotic dose of propofol combined with dexamethasone on postoperative vomiting (POV), especially during immediate postoperative periods.

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A total of 75 anesthesiologist status I/II patients undergoing elective craniotomy for brain tumors were randomized into three groups, G, O and D, to receive single doses of dexamethasone 8 mg at induction with either granisetron 1 mg, ondansetron 4 mg or normal saline 2 ml at the time of dural closure respectively. Episodes of nausea, retching, vomiting and number of rescue antiemetic (RAE) were noted for 48 h post-operatively.

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Although we acknowledge that subset numbers in this post hoc analysis may be too small to allow definitive conclusions, the data suggest that aprepitant triple therapy provides a benefit over control therapy for the prevention of CINV in patients receiving anthracycline and cyclophosphamide (AC)- or non-AC-based moderately emetogenic chemotherapy across age, gender, and region. (Original trial results available at NCT00337727.).

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Thrombocytopenia was excessive in early cohorts with a carboplatin dose of 400 mg/m2, but was minimal at lower doses. Other toxicity was generally tolerable and reversible, particularly at carboplatin doses < or = 300 mg/m2, although gastrointestinal and neurological toxicity tended to worsen as additional modulators were added. No major responses (but 4 minor responses) were seen in this patient population with heavily pretreated or primarily resistant cancers.

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Vortioxetine increased wakefulness and increased frontal cortical activity, most likely because of its 5-HT7 and 5-HT3 antagonism and 5-HT1A agonism. Vortioxetine differs from escitalopram and duloxetine by increasing cortical θ, α and γ oscillations. These preclinical findings suggest a role of vortioxetine in modulating cortical circuits known to be recruited during cognitive behaviours and warrant further investigation as to their clinical impact.

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zofran sublingual dose 2017-03-29

The aim of our study was to compare three different anesthesiological techniques with regard to hemodynamics, recovery, and postoperative morbidity, for craniofacial surgery. One hundred twenty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification of I or II patients, 18 to 32 years old, and undergoing maxillary and mandibular osteotomies were randomly assigned to receive anesthesia with propofol-remifentanil (group P), desflurane-remifentanil (group D), or sevoflurane-remifentanil (group S). All patients were given premedication: midazolam 0.03 mg/kg, atropine 0.007 mg/kg, desametasone 0.1 mg/kg, NaCl 0.9% 100 mL + 2 mg/kg ketoprofene + 1.5 mg/kg ranitidine + 1 microg/kg clonidine. Anesthesia was induced by O2/air (FiO2 0.5), remifentanil 0.5 microg/kg/min, propofol 2 mg/kg, rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg. Maintenance group P received O2/air (FiO2 0.5), remifentanil 0.25 to 1.5 microg/kg/min, propofol 6 to 10 mg/kg/h; groups D and S received O2/air (FiO2 0.5), remifentanil 0.25 to 1.5 microg/kg/min, and respectively, sevoflurane or buy zofran desflurane 0.5 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration. The dosage of propofol, desflurane, and sevoflurane, obtained with a value of bispectral index (BIS) 40, was kept unchanged throughout the course, and remifentanil was titrated to maintain controlled hypotension: systolic arterial blood pressure 70 to 90 mmHg and mean arterial blood pressure 50 to 65 mmHg. A 24-hour elastomeric infusion system (ketoprofene 320 mg) was started 60 minutes before induction and cloridrat ondansetron 0.1 mg/kg was administered 30 minutes before the end of surgery. Hypotension was successfully obtained in all three groups with a bloodless surgical field, and there was no need for additional use of a potent hypotensive agent. Early and late recovery were faster and more complete in the D group; P < 0.05. Postoperative morbidity (nausea, vomiting, shivering, pain, and edema) was slight and did not significantly differ among the groups.

zofran adult dose 2017-12-06

These practice guidelines for the biological treatment of alcohol use disorders are an update of the first edition, published in 2008, which was developed by an international Task Force of the buy zofran World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP). For this 2016 revision, we performed a systematic review (MEDLINE/PUBMED database, Cochrane Library) of all available publications pertaining to the biological treatment of alcoholism and extracted data from national guidelines. The Task Force evaluated the identified literature with respect to the strength of evidence for the efficacy of each medication and subsequently categorised it into six levels of evidence (A-F) and five levels of recommendation (1-5). Thus, the current guidelines provide a clinically and scientifically relevant, evidence-based update of our earlier recommendations. These guidelines are intended for use by clinicians and practitioners who evaluate and treat people with alcohol use disorders and are primarily concerned with the biological treatment of adults with such disorders.

zofran uses alcohol 2015-10-10

Descending facilitation, from the brainstem, promotes spinal neuronal hyperexcitability and behavioural hypersensitivity in many chronic pain states. We have previously demonstrated enhanced descending facilitation onto dorsal horn neurones in a neuropathic pain model, and shown this to enable the analgesic effectiveness of gabapentin. Here we have tested if this hypothesis applies to other pain states by using a combination of approaches in a rat model of osteoarthritis (OA) to ascertain if 1) a role for descending 5HT mediated facilitation exists, and 2) if pregabalin (a newer analogue of gabapentin) is an effective antinociceptive agent in this model. Further, quantitative-PCR experiments were undertaken to analyse the alpha 2 delta-1 and 5-HT3A buy zofran subunit mRNA levels in L3-6 DRG in order to assess whether changes in these molecular substrates have a bearing on the pharmacological effects of ondansetron and pregabalin in OA.

zofran 8mg dosage 2017-12-14

A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study design was employed. Young children underwent mask induction with halothane, nitrous oxide and oxygen and then had i.v. access established: older children had i.v. induction with propofol. All patients received 0.3 mg x kg(-1) mivacurium and 2-4 microg x kg(-1) fentanyl i.v. and 30 mg x kg(-1) acetaminophen pr to a maximum dose of 650 mg. Following induction, patients received either 100 microg x kg(-1) ondansetron or placebo. Anaesthesia was maintained with 120-140 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) propofol, nitrous oxide and oxygen to maintain vital signs within 20% of baseline. After surgery, in all patients the tracheas were extubated in the operating room without use of neuromuscular reversing agents. Episodes of emesis were recorded by PACU nurses for four to six hours. A telephone interview on the following day was also used for data recovery. Groups were compared in relation to age using the Mann-Whitney test, and with respect to sex and number of buy zofran episodes of vomiting using the Fisher Exact Test.

pediatric zofran dose 2017-05-19

Retrospective buy zofran chart review.

zofran medication uses 2016-01-05

To assess the comparative antiemetic efficacy of single-dose intravenous (IV) dolasetron mesylate and ondansetron in preventing cisplatin-induced nausea and buy zofran vomiting.

zofran medicine 2015-07-26

The mechanism of associated fluctuations in plasma motilin and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) concentrations was studied in fasted conscious dogs while gastric motility was monitored. Plasma motilin and PP concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. In intact normal dogs, exogenous motilin (0.03-0.3 g/kg) stimulated dose-related release of PP, but PP did not stimulate motilin release. Motilin-induced PP release was completely inhibited by pretreatment with cholinergic blockers and a 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, and by vagotomy. The cyclic release of PP was abolished after vagotomy and duodenectomy. However, PP release stimulated buy zofran by exogenous motilin was apparent after duodenectomy but not after vagotomy. In conclusion, motilin appears to stimulate PP release via vagal, cholinergic muscarinic pathways involving 5-HT3 receptors and to act as a biosignal controlling PP release by mediating the interdigestive periodic changes in the duodenum to the center of the autonomic nervous system. This represents a new role for motilin.

zofran 4 mg 2017-08-10

Vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis (AG) is not only a direct cause of fluid loss but it is also a major factor of failure of oral rehydration therapy (ORT). Physicians who provide care to paediatric patients in the emergency department (ED) usually prescribe intravenous fluid therapy (IVT) for mild or moderate dehydration when vomiting is the major symptom. Thus, effective symptomatic treatment of vomiting would lead to an important reduction in the use of IVT and, consequently, of the duration of hospital stay and of frequency of hospital admission. Available buy zofran evidence on symptomatic treatment of vomiting shows the efficacy of the most recently registered molecule (ondansetron) but a proper evaluation of antiemetics drugs largely used in clinical practice, such as domperidone, is lacking.

zofran high dose 2016-07-20

A total of 117 patients undergoing orthopedic surgery and receiving SA were intravenously administered 0.3 mg of ramosetron (n = 39, group R), 4 mg of ondansetron (n = 39, group O4), or 8 mg of ondansetron (n = 39, group O8). Systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), mean BP (MBP), HR, and the lowest SBP, DBP, MBP, and HR values were measured preoperatively (baseline) and intraoperatively. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, the need for rescue antiemetics, the amount of patient-controlled analgesia buy zofran consumption, and pain score in the first 48 hours after surgery were determined.

zofran generic medication 2017-09-26

Administration of ondansetron resulted in buy zofran a statistically significant improvement in tardive dyskinesia and psychotic symptoms.

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We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of interventions to prevent acute gastroenteritis in children? What are the effects of treatments for acute gastroenteritis in children? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to August 2007 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant buy zofran organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

zofran max dosage 2015-04-27

We selected the studies of the antiemetics buy zofran droperidol, metoclopramide, hydroxyzine, propofol, dexamethasone, ondansetron, and ramosetron when used for the stated indication. When assessing drug efficacy, we compared the antiemetics used at the time the article was written.

zofran dosage pregnancy 2015-05-11

In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study, the efficacy of prophylactic tropisetron (2 mg) or ondansetron (4 mg) for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting after abdominal or non-abdominal surgery with general balanced anaesthesia was studied in 842 ASA I-III patients. In patients undergoing abdominal surgery, ondansetron and tropisetron reduced the frequency of emetic episodes compared with the placebo (29%, 30% vs. 42% respectively). In men, neither tropisetron nor ondansetron had an effect different from the placebo, whereas in women both drugs led to lower rates of emetic episodes and nausea. In comparison with abdominal surgery, fewer patients in the non-abdominal surgery subgroup had emetic episodes (42% vs buy zofran . 23% in the placebo group). However, neither tropisetron nor ondansetron was significantly different from the placebo in this patient subgroup. In conclusion, for patients at increased risk of post-operative nausea and vomiting, a prophylactic therapy at the lowest effective dose with tropisetron or ondansetron may be useful.

zofran tablets 2016-06-21

One hundred and five buy zofran patients (aged 18-60 years) undergoing strabismus surgery were allocated randomly to one of the three groups: placebo, ondansetron, or ramosetron. Patients received 2 ml placebo, 4 mg ondansetron, or 0.3 mg ramosetron at the end of surgery. Each of the three groups was subdivided into two subgroups according to the number of EOMs involved in the surgery: subgroup S, single-muscle correction; subgroup M, multiple-muscle correction. The incidences of nausea or vomiting, and patient satisfaction at 2, 24 and 48 h after surgery were analyzed as primary outcome. With regard to subgroups S and M in the placebo, ondansetron and ramosetron groups, incidences of nausea or vomiting, and patient satisfaction at 2, 24 and 48 h after surgery were analyzed as seconadary outcome.

zofran overdose 2015-10-11

EM523, a nonpeptide motilin agonist, is being developed for Coumadin And Alcohol clinical use to improve delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of EM523 on endogenous release of gut and pancreatic hormones in conscious dogs.

dosage zofran 2015-02-19

Therapeutic hypothermia shows promise as a treatment for acute stroke. Surface cooling techniques are being developed but, although noninvasive, they typically Cymbalta Mg 60 achieve slower cooling rates than endovascular methods. We assessed the hypothesis that the addition of intravenous MgSO4 to an antishivering pharmacological regimen increases the cooling rate when using a surface cooling technique.

zofran kid dosage 2016-10-23

Ondansetron preloading combined with crystalloid infusion significantly reduced hypotension and nausea, while improving acid-base status, as well Norvasc Overdose Symptoms as reducing vasoconstrictor use.

zofran cost 2015-11-01

One hundred and eight parturients (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] I-II status) requesting neuraxial analgesia by a combined Cymbalta Generic Equivalent spinal-epidural (CSE) technique were recruited for this study. A CSE technique was performed and anesthesia was achieved with fentanyl 25 microg and hyperbaric bupivacaine 12 mg. Patients were randomly allocated to three groups, each with 36 participants. Immediately following delivery, patients received either lornoxicam 8 mg IV (group L; n = 36), ondansetron 8 mg IV (group O; n = 36), or normal saline 2 ml IV (group P; n = 36). Pruritus, pain, and nausea and vomiting scores were recorded during the initial 24 h postoperatively.

medication zofran classification 2016-10-14

Faster mobilization but equal onset and duration of analgesia were achieved Moduretic Buy Online with intrathecal hyperbaric ropivacaine 10 mg plus fentanyl 20 microg as compared with hyperbaric ropivacaine 15 mg.

zofran pediatric dose 2017-05-19

Data suggest that PAL-DEX is effective in preventing CINV in MG patients, which ultimately maintains the QoL of patients Imdur Tab 30mg with glioma.

zofran common dosage 2016-10-08

The number of complete responders were 19 (65.5%) for ramosetron, 11 (37.9%) for palonosetron, and 10 (34.5%) for ondansetron, representing a significant difference overall (P=0.034) as well as between ramosetron and ondansetron (P=0.035). Comparison between ramosetron and palonosetron also showed a clear trend favoring the former (P=0.065).

zofran normal dosage 2015-07-05

The groups were similar with respect to gender, age, weight, duration of surgery, numbers of patients receiving intraoperative atropine or ephedrine, number admitted overnight, and time to discharge home. Patients in Group P used lower total doses of opioids than did patients in Group OD. There were no significant differences in postoperative nausea, pain, or sedation scores, in numbers of patients requiring antiemetics (Group OD, 13 of 66; Group DM, 15 of 66; Group P, 14 of 68), or in numbers of patients vomiting, either in hospital or during the first postoperative day.

zofran generic picture 2017-01-29

Muscle nicotinic acetylcholine and serotonin-type 3A (5-HT(3A)) receptors are similar. Therefore neuromuscular relaxants may block 5-HT(3A) receptors. Our pharmacological study demonstrates that neuromuscular relaxants, as with ondansetron, are 5-HT(3A) receptor antagonists. It is likely that certain neuromuscular relaxants exhibit ondansetron-like clinical properties, such as reduction in postoperative nausea and vomiting.

zofran 3 mg 2017-06-26

For gastric and oesophageal haemorrhages, after removing reports involving antithrombotic agents or NSAIDs, three potential signals were unmasked (prednisone, rivastigmine and isotretinoin). For central nervous system haemorrhage and cerebrovascular accidents, after removing reports involving antithrombotic agents, three potential signals were unmasked (ethinylestradiol, interferon-α-2B and methylprednisolone). For ischaemic coronary disorders, after removing reports involving anthracyclines, bleomycine, anti-HIV drugs or triptans, one potential signal was unmasked (ondansetron). For migraine headaches, after removing reports involving nitrates, calcium channel blockers, opioid analgesics or intravenous immunoglobulins, six potential signals were unmasked (ammonium chloride, leflunomide, milnacipran, montelukast, proguanil and pyridostigmine). For muscle pains, after removing reports involving statins or fibrates, seven potential signals were unmasked (hydroxychloroquine, lactulose, levodopa in combination with dopadecarboxylase inhibitor, nevirapine, nomegestrol, ritonavir and stavudine). Finally, for hepatic enzymes and function abnormalities, after removing reports involving NSAIDs, anilides, antituberculosis drugs, antiepileptics, ketoconazole, tacrine, or amineptine, two potential signals were unmasked (caffeine, metformin). Of all these unmasked potential signals, ten appeared non/incompletely documented as at 1 January 2002 and were considered as real signals, with three of these later being confirmed by the literature and finally considered as true positives (isotretinoin, methylprednisolone and milnacipran).